Naratif Sosiologi Pendatang Asing Tanpa Izin (PATI) Indonesia: Satu Kajian Fenomenologi

  • Azizah Adib Rahim Fakulti Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
  • Novel Lyndon Fakulti Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
Keywords: migrasi antarabangsa, pendatang asing tanpa izin, penguatkuasaan yang strategik

Abstract

Migrasi antarabangsa telah dibincangkan dalam pelbagai disiplin seperti politik, ekonomi, geografi dan sosiologi. Perbincangan ini sangat penting untuk memahami mengapa migrasi berlaku sejak dulu dan faktor-faktornya bergantung kepada ekonomi, sosial dan politik. Oleh kerana kemasukan pendatang asing tanpa izin (PATI) di Malaysia semakin meningkat, penguatkuasaan yang strategik sangat penting untuk mengekang permasalahan yang telah berlaku sejak sekian lama ini. Oleh itu, kajian ini dilakukan untuk mengenal pasti faktor Malaysia dipilih sebagai destinasi utama dalam kalangan PATI Indonesia. Kajian ini dilakukan melalui pendekatan fenomenologi di mana penyelidik memberi fokus kepada perspektif informan. Sesi temubual mendalam telah dilakukan bersama dengan 10 informan yang dipilih mengikut teknik pensampelan bertujuan dan bola salji. Kajian ini mendapati faktor mengapa Malaysia dipilih sebagai destinasi uttama merangkumi dua aspek iaitu ekonomi dan sosio-budaya. Aspek ekonomi merangkumi keperluan, peluang pekerjaan dan upah yang lebih tinggi. Sementara itu, aspek sosial merangkumi bahasa, agama, budaya dan norma sosial. Sebagai kesimpulan, para informan menyentuh aspek ekonomi dan sosial sebagai faktor utama mereka untuk berhijrah ke Malaysia. Ini menunjukkan bahawa PATI membuat keputusan untuk mereka berhijrah berdasarkan faktor ekonomi dan sosio-budaya. Faktor ekonomi menjadi tarikan untuk PATI bermigrasi ke Malaysia, tetapi yang faktor sosio-budaya yang membuatkan mereka kekal tinggal di Malaysia.

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Published
2021-09-10
How to Cite
Rahim, A. A. and Lyndon, N. (2021) “Naratif Sosiologi Pendatang Asing Tanpa Izin (PATI) Indonesia: Satu Kajian Fenomenologi”, Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), 6(9), pp. 84 - 95. doi: https://doi.org/10.47405/mjssh.v6i9.1052.
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Articles