Penggunaan Kaedah Permainan, Buku Nombor dan Lembaran kerja dalam pembelajaran Matematik Awal kanak-kanak

  • Connie Cassy Ompok Faculty of Psychology and Education, Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS), Malaysia
Keywords: permainan, buku nombor, lembaran kerja, kanak-kanak, matematik awal

Abstract

Menyediakan kanak-kanak untuk pendidikan matematik awal adalah penting. Tujuan kajian ini adalah untuk mengenal pasti tahap pencapaian matematik awal, mengenal pasti dan membandingkan kesan tiga kaedah mengajar (permainan, buku nombor dan lembaran kerja) terhadap pencapaian matematik awal dalam kalangan kanak-kanak prasekolah di daerah Tuaran, Sabah. Instrumen yang digunakan dalam kajian ini adalah Ujian Pencapaian Matematik awal (UPMA) yang telah diadaptasi daripada Ginsburg dan Baroody (2003) mengikut Kurikulum Standard Prasekolah Kebangsaan. Seramai 1108 orang kanak-kanak prasekolah kebangsaan di daerah Tuaran, Sabah terlibat dalam kajian yang menggunakan kaedah kuasi eksperimen multi lokasi. Responden kajian terdiri daripada kanak-kanak prasekolah yang berumur 4+ dan 5+. 382 orang kanak-kanak mengikuti kaedah permainan, 349 orang kanak-kanak mengikuti kaedah buku nombor dan 377 orang kanak-kanak mengikuti kaedah lembaran kerja. Kanak-kanak prasekolah menduduki ujian pra, seterusnya adalah program intervensi selama 13 minggu dan diakhiri dengan ujian pasca. Statistik deskriptif dan statistik inferen (ujian-t bebas, ANOVA satu hala dan ANCOVA) menggunakan SPSS versi-21 dengan mengambil kira markah ujian pra sebagai kovariat digunakan dalam kajian ini. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan terdapat perbezaan min markah yang signifikan dalam pencapaian matematik awal mengikut kaedah mengajar yang berbeza. Kaedah permainan menyumbang secara signifikan terhadap pencapaian matematik awal berbanding dengan kaedah buku nombor dan lembaran kerja.

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Published
2021-10-10
How to Cite
Ompok, C. C. (2021) “Penggunaan Kaedah Permainan, Buku Nombor dan Lembaran kerja dalam pembelajaran Matematik Awal kanak-kanak”, Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), 6(10), pp. 235 - 251. doi: https://doi.org/10.47405/mjssh.v6i10.1117.
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