Menerokai Faktor Kefahaman Kanak-Kanak Tadika dengan Konsep Elektrik

  • Nur Farahiyah Binti Zahar Fakulti Pendidikan, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), Malaysia
  • Lilia Binti Halim Fakulti Pendidikan, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), Malaysia
Keywords: miskonsepsi, kanak-kanak, elektrik, Sains, faktor

Abstract

Kanak-kanak tadika yang diberikan pendedahan awal dalam pembelajaran Sains dapat memberi ruang kepada mereka untuk menerokai alam sekeliling secara lebih saintifik. Malahan, pendedahan melibatkan tajuk yang abstrak seperti elektrik dapat memberi peluang kepada mereka untuk memperoleh pengetahuan yang pelbagai dalam bidang Sains. Oleh itu, kajian ini dijalankan untuk menerokai faktor-faktor yang boleh mempengaruhi kanak-kanak tadika dalam memahami tentang konsep elektrik. Reka bentuk kajian yang dilaksanakan adalah secara kajian kes dengan melibatkan kajian kualitatif. Seramai dua orang kanak-kanak berbeza jantina yang bersekolah di salah sebuah tadika swasta di Negeri Sembilan menjadi peserta dalam kajian ini. Instrumen kajian ini telah melibatkan ujian diagnostik dalam bentuk three-tier test, temu bual serta analisis dokumen dalam menerokai faktor yang mempengaruhi kefahaman kanak-kanak terhadap konsep elektrik. Hasil kajian menunjukkan bahawa miskonsepsi turut berlaku dalam kalangan kanak-kanak tadika dan terdapat pelbagai faktor yang mempengaruhi kefahaman mereka dalam memahami konsep elektrik. Antara faktor yang mempengaruhi kefahaman kanak-kanak tadika berkaitan konsep elektrik adalah faktor murid, guru, ibu bapa serta faktor luar seperti televisyen, rakan, buku dan juga internet. Menerusi faktor tersebut, didapati bahawa kanak-kanak lelaki mempunyai kefahaman yang lebih mendalam dalam konsep elektrik berbanding kanak-kanak perempuan. Tambahan itu, faktor luar yang melibatkan televisyen dilihat memberi pengaruh yang besar kepada kefahaman kanak-kanak tadika dalam memahami konsep elektrik. Justeru, faktor yang terlibat boleh membantu guru dalam mencari jalan penyelesaian untuk mengelakkan berlakunya miskonsepsi dalam kalangan kanak-kanak dan memberi penjelasan secara saintifik kepada mereka. Hal ini supaya kanak-kanak tidak membawa miskonsepsi ke peringkat yang seterusnya.

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Published
2021-11-10
How to Cite
Zahar, N. F. and Halim, L. (2021) “Menerokai Faktor Kefahaman Kanak-Kanak Tadika dengan Konsep Elektrik”, Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), 6(11), pp. 110 - 126. doi: https://doi.org/10.47405/mjssh.v6i11.1135.
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Articles