Kesedaran Rakyat Malaysia Mengenai Rukun Negara Hanya Bermusim?: Kajian Infodemiologi Berasaskan Google Trends

  • Mohd Sobhi Ishak Institut Kajian Etnik (KITA), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), Malaysia
  • Azizah Sarkowi Jabatan Ilmu Pendidikan, Institut Pendidikan Guru Kampus Darul Aman, Kedah, Malaysia
Keywords: Rukun Negara, Google Trends, perpaduan,, bulan kemerdekaan, infodemiologi

Abstract

Rukun Negara yang diisytiharkan pada tahun 1970 merupakan asas pembentukan negara bangsa Malaysia. Sepanjang setengah abad ini, pelbagai inisiatif telah dilaksanakan bagi memastikan masyarakat memahami, menghayati dan mengamalkan Rukun Negara. Selari dengan perkembangan dunia digital pada hari ini, kajian ini bertujuan untuk mengenal pasti kesedaran rakyat Malaysia berkaitan Rukun Negara dalam tempoh 5 tahun (2016-2020) yang diukur berdasarkan trend carian maklumat di aplikasi Google. Kajian ini juga bertujuan untuk mengenal pasti topik-topik berkaitan Rukun Negara yang menjadi fokus carian maklumat di Malaysia. Data kajian ini diperolehi daripada Google Trends, iaitu satu aplikasi yang menyediakan data raya tentang carian maklumat di Google. Graf trend kajian dan Jumlah Carian Relatif (JCR) dalam tempoh kajian dianalisis dengan menggunakan SPSS 22.0 secara deskriptif dan inferensi ANOVA dua-hala. Dapatan menunjukkan terdapat trend peningkatan carian maklumat Rukun Negara dalam tempoh kajian. Carian ini adalah berlaku sepanjang tahun namun meningkat ketara sepanjang tempoh bulan kemerdekaan dan senario yang berlaku dalam tahun-tahun tertentu. Carian tertinggi adalah pada bulan November 2020 yang selari dengan pemakluman Pelan Tindakan Perpaduan Negara 2021-2025 di media massa dan pelaksanaan sesi maklum balas rakyat.. Kajian ini juga mengenal pasti topik yang menunjukkan keprihatinan masyarakat terhadap Rukun Negara, yang berkaitan dengan kesan, matlamat, kepentingan dan kaedah penghayatan. Dapatan kajian ini diharap mampu memberi input kepada pihak berkepentingan untuk merangka pelbagai inisiatif bagi menyuburkan perpaduan di Malaysia.

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Author Biography

Azizah Sarkowi, Jabatan Ilmu Pendidikan, Institut Pendidikan Guru Kampus Darul Aman, Kedah, Malaysia

Jabatan Ilmu Pendidikan

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Published
2021-11-10
How to Cite
Ishak, M. S. and Sarkowi, A. (2021) “Kesedaran Rakyat Malaysia Mengenai Rukun Negara Hanya Bermusim?: Kajian Infodemiologi Berasaskan Google Trends”, Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), 6(11), pp. 15 - 25. doi: https://doi.org/10.47405/mjssh.v6i11.1142.
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Articles