Perkaitan Rutin Aktiviti dan Jenayah Serangan Seksual Ke Atas Wanita

  • Nurul Asyikin Zainal Abidin Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), Malaysia
  • Mohamad Fauzi Sukimi Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), Malaysia
  • Muhamad Fuad Abdul Karim Universiti Teknologi Mara, Malaysia
Keywords: viktimisasi, teori aktiviti rutin, serangan seksual

Abstract

Viktimisasi membincangkan perlakuan jenayah dari sudut pandang dan fokus terhadap mangsa jenayah. Kajian literatur terhadap Teori Aktiviti Rutin digunakan dalam memahami jenayah serangan seksual ke atas wanita sebagai mangsa. Teori Aktiviti Rutin menyatakan seseorang menjadi mangsa disebabkan keterlibatan tiga pihak iaitu pemangsa bermotivasi, mangsa yang menarik dan ketiadaan penjaga yang berkebolehan; dan individu yang menghabiskan banyak masa di luar rumah mempunyai risiko yang lebih tinggi untuk menjadi mangsa. Jadi kajian bertujuan untuk melihat apakah lokasi kejadian mempengaruhi serangan seksual yang terjadi. Kajian ini menggunakan reka bentuk kajian kualitatif dengan pendekatan kajian kes dan aplikasi teknik temu bual mendalam terhadap 11 orang informan bagi melihat faktor yang mencetuskan serangan seksual. Hasil kajian mendapati bahawa mangsa tidak sendirinya mencetuskan serangan seksual ke atas diri mereka sebaliknya tidak berdaya di atas faktor tinggal serumah bersama pemangsa, berseorangan dan kegagalan penjaga menjalankan tanggungjawab dengan baik. Kesimpulannya, viktimisasi terhadap mangsa serangan seksual tidak dicetuskan oleh mangsa sendiri tetapi mangsa merupakan individu yang tidak berdaya dan tidak bernasib baik.

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Published
2021-11-10
How to Cite
Zainal Abidin, N. A., Sukimi, M. F. and Abdul Karim, M. F. (2021) “Perkaitan Rutin Aktiviti dan Jenayah Serangan Seksual Ke Atas Wanita”, Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), 6(11), pp. 78 - 87. doi: https://doi.org/10.47405/mjssh.v6i11.1165.
Section
Articles