A Conceptual Proposal: Does Improvisation moderate the relationship between Mindfulness and Employee Creativity
Prior research on creativity has grasped the attention of researchers to devote more focus on the interaction that arises between the individual and the surrounding milieu. Thus, this study aimed to propose the moderating role of improvisation on the relationship between mindfulness and employee creativity. The propositions posted in this study was developed based on the relationships established within previous empirical studies among these variables. Such proposition of improvisation as a moderator on the relationship between mindfulness and employee creativity might heavily contribute to the theory by addressing the issue of mixed and inconclusive results in the mindfulness-creativity literature, and will provide a comprehensive understanding of how improvisation might help in unleashing the creative potentials of employees.
Amabile, T. (1996). Creativity in context. Boulder, CO: Westview.
Amabile, T. M. (1988). A model of creativity and innovation in organizations. Research in Organizational Behavior, 10(1), 123-167.
Amabile, T., Barsade, S., Mueller, J., & Staw, B. (2005). Affect and creativity at work. Administrative Science Quarterly, 50(3), 367-403.
Baas, M., Nevicka, B., & Ten Velden, F. (2014). Specific Mindfulness Skills Differentially Predict Creative Performance. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 40(9), 1092–1106.
Baas, M., Nevicka, B., & Ten Velden, F. S. (2020). When paying attention pays off: the mindfulness skill act with awareness promotes creative idea generation in groups. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 29(4), 619-632.
Baker, T., Miner, A., & Eesley, D. (2003). Improvising firms: bricolage, account giving and improvisational competencies in the founding process. Research Policy, 32(2), 255-276.
Barrett, F. (1998). Creativity and improvisation in jazz and organizations: implications for organizational learning. Organization Science, 9(5), 605-622.
Brown, J., & Duguid, P. (1991). Organizational learning and communities-of-practice: Toward a unified view of working, learning, and innovation. Organization Science, 2(1) 40–57.
Brown, S., & Eisenhardt, K. (1998). Competing on the Edge: Strategy as Structured Chaos. Harvard Business School Press.
Byrne, E., & Thatchenkery, T. (2019). Cultivating creative workplaces through mindfulness. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 32(1), 15-31.
Carson, S. (2014). The impact of mindfulness on creativity research and creativity enhancement. In Ie, A., Ngnoumen, Ch. T., & Langer, E. J. (Eds.). The Wiley Blackwell handbook of mindfulness (pp. 328-344). Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Cheng, C., Cao, L., Zhong, H., He, Y., & Qian, J. (2019). The influence of leader encouragement of creativity on innovation speed: Findings from SEM and fsQCA. Sustainability, 11(9), 1-17.
Cheung, S., Huang, E., Chang, S., & Wei, L. (2020). Does being mindful make people more creative at work? The role of creative process engagement and perceived leader humility. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 159, 39-48.
Colzato, L., Ozturk, A., & Hommel, B. (2012). Meditate to create: The impact of focused attention and open-monitoring training on convergent and divergent thinking. Frontiers in Psychology, 3(116), 1-5.
Connell, J., & Thaarup, C. (2014). Mind training for innovation: Building foundations for creativity in the workplace. In F. Soliman (Ed.), Learning models for innovation in organizations: Examining roles of knowledge transfer and human resources management (pp. 52-71) Hershey, PA: IGI Global.
Crossan, M., Cunha, M., Vera, D., & Cunha, J. (2005). Time and organizational improvisation. Academy of Management Review, 30(1), 129-145.
Cunha, M., Clegg, S., & Kamoche, K. (2006). Surprises in management and organization: Concept, sources, and a typology. British Journal of Management, 17(4), 317-329.
Cunha, M., Clegg, S., Rego, A., & Neves, P. (2014). Organizational improvisation: From the constraint of strict tempo to the power of the avant-garde. Creativity and Innovation Management, 23(4), 359–373.
Cunha, M., Cunha, J. & Kamoche, K. (1999). Organizational improvisation: What, when, how and why. International Journal of Management Reviews, 1(3), 299-341.
Cunha, M., Gomes, E., Mellahi, K., Miner, A., & Rego, A. (2020). Strategic agility through improvisational capabilities: implications for a paradox-sensitive HRM. Human Resource Management Review, 30(1), 1-13.
Cunha, M., Miner, A., & Antonacopoulou, E. (2016). Improvisation processes in organizations. In A. Langley & H. Tsoukas (Eds.), SAGE Handbook of Process Organization Studies (pp. 559–573). London: Sage.
Ding, X., Tang, Y., Deng, Y., Tang, R., & Posner, M. (2015). Mood and personality predict improvement in creativity due to meditation training. Learning and Individual Differences, 37, 217–221.
Eby, L., Robertson, M., & Facteau, D. (2020). Mindfulness and Relationships: An Organizational Perspective. Buckley, M.R., Wheeler, A.R., Baur, J.E. & Halbesleben, J.R.B. (Ed.) Research in Personnel and Human Resources Management, Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, 38, 57-102.
Echeverri, P., & Skålén, P. (2011). Co-creation and co-destruction: A practice-theory based study of interactive value formation. Marketing Theory, 11(3), 351–373.
Epstein, R., & Phan, V. (2012). Which competencies are most important for creative expression?. Creativity Research Journal, 24(4), 278-282.
Epstein, R., Kaminaka, K., Phan, V., & Uda, R. (2013). “How is creativity best managed? Some empirical and theoretical guidelines”. Creativity and Innovation Management, 22(4), 359-374.
Fiol, C., & O’Connor, E. (2003). Waking up! Mindfulness in the face of bandwagons. Academy of Management Review, 28(1), 54-70.
Fisher, C. M., & Barrett, F. J. (2019). The experience of improvising in organizations: A creative process perspective. Academy of Management Perspectives, 33(2), 148-162.
Fisher, C., & Amabile, T. (2009). Creativity, improvisation and organizations. In T. Rickards, M. A. Runco, & S. Moger (Eds.), The Routledge companion to creativity (pp. 13–24). New York: Routledge.
Fredrickson, B. (1998). What good are positive emotions? Review of General Psychology, 2(3), 300–319.
García-Rosell, J., Haanpää, M., & Janhunen, J. (2019). ‘Dig where you stand’: values-based co-creation through improvisation. Tourism Recreation Research, 44(3), 348-358.
Gerber, E. M., & Fu, F. (2018). Improv for designers. In Funology 2 (pp. 95-110). Springer, Cham.
Gong, Y., Zhou, J., & Chang, S. (2013). Core Knowledge Employee Creativity and Firm Performance: The Moderating Role of Riskiness Orientation, Firm Size, and Realized Absorptive Capacity. Personnel Psychology, 66(2), 443–482.
Good, D., Lyddy, C., Glomb, T., Bono, J., Brown, K., Duffy, M., et al. (2016). Contemplating mindfulness at work: an integrative review. Journal of Management, 42(1), 114–142.
Haanpää, M. (2017). Event co-creation as choreography: Autoethnographic study on event volunteer knowing. Rovaniemi: Lapland University Press.
Haanpää, M., García-Rosell, J., & Tuulentie, S. (2016). Co-creating places through events: The case of a tourism community event in Finnish Lapland. In A. Jepson & A. Clarke (Eds.), Managing and developing communities, festivals and events (pp. 34-49). New York: Palgrave MacMillan.
Hadida, A., Tarvainen, W., & Rose, J. (2015). Organizational improvisation: A consolidating review and framework. International Journal of Management Reviews, 17(4), 437–459.
Hassan, D. (2019). Creativity Trilateral Dynamics: Playfulness, Mindfulness, and Improvisation. Creativity Studies, 12(1), 1–14.
Hobfoll, S. (2001). The influence of culture, community, and the nested‐self in the stress process: advancing conservation of resources theory. Applied psychology, 50(3), 337-421.
Hughes, D., Lee, A., Tian, A., Newman, A., & Legood, A. (2018). Leadership, creativity and innovation: a critical review and practical recommendations. The Leadership Quarterly, 29(5), 549-569.
Hülsheger, U., Alberts, H., Feinholdt, A., & Lang, J. (2013). Benefits of mindfulness at work: the role of mindfulness in emotion regulation, emotional exhaustion, and job satisfaction, Journal of Applied Psychology, 98(2), 310-325.
Hyland, P. K., Lee, R. A., & Mills, M. J. (2015). Mindfulness at work: A new approach to improving individual and organizational performance. Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 8(4), 576-602.
Kamoche, K., & Cunha. M. (2001). Minimal structures: From jazz improvisation to product innovation. Organization Studies, 22(5), 733–764.
Kaplan, J., Christopher, M., & Bowen, S. (2017). Dispositional mindfulness moderates the relationship between occupational stressors and perceived stress among law enforcement personnel. Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology, 33(3), 227-232.
Koh, D., Lee, K., & Joshi, K. (2019). Transformational leadership and creativity: A meta‐analytic review and identification of an integrated model. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 40(6), 625-650.
Lebuda, I., Zabelina, D., & Karwowski, M. (2015). Mind full of ideas: A meta-analysis of the mindfulness–creativity link. Personality and Individual Differences, 93, 22–26.
Leone, L. (2010, June). A critical review of improvisation in organizations: open issues and future research directions. Paper presented at the Summer Conference 2010 on Opening up Innovation: Strategy, Organization and Technology, Imperial College London Business School.
Leybourne, S., & Sadler-Smith, E. (2006). The role of intuition and improvisation in project management. International Journal of Project Management, 24(6), 483-492.
Liu, S., Xin, H., Shen, L., He, J., & Liu, J. (2020). The Influence of Individual and Team Mindfulness on Work Engagement. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, 1-8.
Magni, M., Palmi, P., & Salvemini, S. (2018). Under pressure! Team innovative climate and individual attitudes in shaping individual improvisation. European Management Journal, 36(4), 474–484.
Miner, A., Bassoff, P., & Moorman, C. (2001). Organizational improvisation and learning: a field study. Administrative Science Quarterly, 46(2), 304-337.
Montani, F., Setti, I., Sommovigo, V., Courcy, F., & Giorgi, G. (2019). Who Responds Creatively to Role Conflict? Evidence for a Curvilinear Relationship Mediated by Cognitive Adjustment at Work and Moderated by Mindfulness. Journal of Business and Psychology, 35, 621–641.
Moorman, C., & Miner, A. (1998). The convergence of planning and execution: Improvisation in new product development. Journal of Marketing, 62(3), 1-20.
Ngo, L. V., Nguyen, N. P., Lee, J., & Andonopoulos, V. (2020). Mindfulness and job performance: Does creativity matter?. Australasian Marketing Journal, 28(3), 117-123.
Nisula, A. (2013). Building Organizational Creativity– A Multitheory and Multilevel Approach for Understanding and Stimulating Organizational Creativity (Doctoral Dissertation. Lappeenranta University of Technology, Lappeenranta, Finland).
Ostafin, B., & Kassman, K. (2012). Stepping out of history: mindfulness improves insight problem solving. Consciousness and Cognition, 21(2), 1031-1036.
Remmers, C., Topolinski, S., & Michalak, J. (2014). Mindful (l) intuition: Does mindfulness influence the access to intuitive processes? Journal of Positive Psychology, 10(3), 282–292.
Revilla, E., & Rodríguez-Prado, B. (2018). Bulding ambidexterity through creativity mechanisms: Contextual drivers of innovation success. Research Policy, 47(9), 1611-1625.
Sajjad, A., & Shahbaz, W. (2020). Mindfulness and Social Sustainability: An Integrative Review. Social Indicators Research, 150, 73–94.
Shapiro, S., Carlson, L., Astin, J., & Freedman, B. (2006). Mechanisms of mindfulness. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 62(3), 373-386.
Smith, W., & Lewis, M. (2011). Toward a theory of paradox: A dynamic equilibrium model of organizing. Academy of Management Review, 36(2), 381-403.
Tsai, K., & Huang, S. (2019). "Service creativity reinforcement and firm performance: The roles of innovation intensity and contexts". Journal of Service Management, 31(1), 1-23.
Ulrich, D., & Dulebohn, J. (2015). Are we there yet? What’s next for HR? Human Resource Management Review, 25(2), 188–204.
Vera, D., & Crossan, M. (2004). Theatrical improvisation: Lessons for organizations. Organization Studies, 25(5), 727-749.
Walsh, M. M., & Arnold, K. A. (2020). The bright and dark sides of employee mindfulness: Leadership style and employee well‐being. Stress and Health, 36(3), 287-298.
Wolever, R., Schwartz, E., & Schoenberg, P. (2018). Mindfulness in Corporate America: Is the Trojan Horse Ethical?. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 24(5), 403-406.
Zedelius, C., & Schooler, J. (2015). Mind wandering “Ahas” versus mindful reasoning: Alternative routes to creative solutions. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 1-13.
Zhou, J., & Hoever, I. J. (2014). Research on workplace creativity: A review and redirection. Annual Review of Organizational Psychology & Organizational Behavior, 1(1), 333–359.