Systematic Review of Stress and Coping Strategies during Pandemic COVID-19 Among Students in Higher Learning Institutions

  • Abdul Rashid Abdul Aziz Faculty of Leadership & Management, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM), Malaysia
  • Nor Hamizah Ab Razak Faculty of Leadership & Management, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM), Malaysia
  • Nathratul Ayeshah Zulkifli Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM), Malaysia
  • Mohamad Isa Amat Faculty of Leadership & Management, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM), Malaysia
  • Mohd Zaini Othman Strategic Communication Center, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM), Malaysia
  • Nurun Najihah Musa Faculty of Leadership & Management, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM), Malaysia
Keywords: coping strategies, stress management, stress, mental health, personal well-being


The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic that strike Malaysia and the rest of the world has given a huge variety of implications especially in the aspect of mental health. Students are no exception in dealing with it. It requires every student to adapt to the new norms that exist in teaching and learning (T&L) system. Thus, this study aims to examine the coping strategies and stress management that can be applied by students in dealing with stress during the pandemic. To achieve this goal a systematic search was conducted, and a simple thematic analysis approach was used to identify the coping strategies among students at higher learning institutions as discussed by previous researchers on similar topics from three search engines on (1) Scopus, (2) Social Science Citation Index (SSCI), and (3) Science Direct from 2015 to 2021 to determine the latest evidence and observations. A literature review of 10 relevant studies was rigorously analysed to get understanding of coping strategies and stress management amongst students at higher learning institutions. The findings show that there are four critical factors in stress management including (1) time management, (2) internet access issues, (2) academic workload and (4) adaptation to new norms. In addition, there are three types of coping strategies that students can do in coping with stress. Research pertaining to these issues are still lacking. This study is seen to be a new platform and guidelines especially for educational institutions to ensure that every student is equipped with stress management skills that can lead to personal well -being.

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How to Cite
Abdul Aziz, A. R., Ab Razak, N. H., Zulkifli, N. A., Amat, M. I., Othman, M. Z. and Musa, N. N. (2021) “Systematic Review of Stress and Coping Strategies during Pandemic COVID-19 Among Students in Higher Learning Institutions”, Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), 6(11), pp. 221 - 235. doi: