The Effect of Integrative Therapy Treatment on Depression and Aggresion Among Inmates
The purpose of this study is to identify the effectiveness of integrative therapy treatment towards depression and aggression among prison inmates. Integrative therapy in this study refers to treatment module which are consisted of four integrated theories in a counselling process. It involved the combined therapy of Person Client Centred (PCC), Rational Emotions Behaviour Therapy (REBT) and Choice Theory Reality Therapy (CTRT) as technical treatment. Meanwhile, Stimulus Organism Response (SOR) act as educational principle or training. Integrative therapy is conducted on the respondents for six session of group counselling. This study is a quasi-experiment involving 160 depressed prison inmates (80 treatment; 80 control) and 140 aggressive inmates (70 treatment; 70 control) from five prison institutions as the respondent for this study using purposive sampling. Inmates are identified as respondents using high cutting point of depression using Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and high aggression using Aggressive Questionnaires (AQ). For the data analysis, non- parametric test such as Mann-Whitney Test and Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test were used based on the normality test using Kolmogorov-Smirnov and Shapiro-Wilk test. Result from the Mann-Whitney Test shows that the treatment group had higher declining rate as compared to the controlled group for depression and aggression. Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test also shows the same result as the treatment group indicates a decline in rate from the pre and post of the treatment compared to the controlled group. The results of this study are hope to act as the medium for using integrative model which is rarely use in studies in this country especially in the field of treatment for prison inmates. It is also expected that it can be applied in different setting which offer treatment service such as hospitals, social work institution, police institute, schools, higher learning institutions and others.