Strongman Rule and Democracy: Translating the Success of Professional Bodies into Democratic Reform in Africa

  • Musa Yusuf Owoyemi Department of Civilization and Philosophy, School of Languages, Civilization and Philosophy, College of Arts and Sciences, Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM), Malaysia.
Keywords: Democracy, Strongman Rule, Professional Bodies, ICAN, Africa


This paper looks at the rise of strongman rule around the world and in Africa in particular and shows how this is affecting democracy and democratic institutions. The paper explains the implication of strongman rule on democracy by showcasing its rise in different parts of the world in the contemporary time exacerbated by the tenure of the former president of the United States, Donald Trump. Using the qualitative method of text analysis, it examines what has been said by leaders of goodwill and scholars on the need to protect democracy from the onslaught of strongman rule. It talks about the takeover of the democratic space and digital media space by agents of the strongmen and advocated for a quick response in order to save democracy and democratic institutions. Finally, it calls for the adoption of the ethical practices of professional bodies in Africa in reforming democracy in the continent.


Download data is not yet available.


Attila, A. (2016). The Decline of Democracy in East-Central Europe. Problems of Post-Communism, 63, 277-287, DOI: 10.1080/10758216.2015.1113383

Bremmer, I. (2018, May 3). The ‘Strongmen Era’ Is Here: Here’s What It Means for You. Time.

Cheeseman, N. (ed). (2018). Institutions and Democracy in Africa: How the Rules of Game Shape Political Developments. Cambridge University Press.

Erdmann, G. (2011). Decline of Democracy: Loss of Quality, Hybridisation and Breakdown of Democracy. In Erdmann Gero, Kneuer, Marianne. (Eds) Regression of Democracy?. VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.

Fatton, R. (1990). Liberal Democracy in Africa. Political Science Quarterly 105, no. 3: 455-73. doi:10.2307/2150827.

ICAEW. (2012, January 26 – 27). The Role and Structure of Professional Bodies: Current and Future Challenges

Institute of Chartered Accountants of Nigeria (ICAN, Membership), Membership

Institute of Chartered Accountants of Nigeria (ICAN, Vision and Mission), Vision and Mission

Keane, J. (2018, March 23). Post-truth politics and why the antidote isn’t simply ‘fact-checking’ and truth. The Conversation

Klaas B. (2018). The Despot's Accomplice: How the West is Aiding and Abetting the Decline of Democracy. Oxford University Press.

Obama, B. (2018,July 17). Obama Warns of ‘Strongman Politics’ After Trump’s Meeting With Putin. The New York Times.

Olatunji, R. W. (2020, February 20). Ethics in Professional Practice and Nation Building

Osadola, O. S., Adeleye, O. A. (2020, April). A Re-Assessment Of Government And Political Institutions Of Old Oyo Empire. Quaestus Multidisciplinary Research Journal 6: 19 – 31.

Sherman, D. (2000). Western Civilization: Sources, Images, and Interpretations, 3rd edn. Boston, U.S.A: McGraw Hill Companies Inc.

Stumpf, S. E., Fieser, J. (2012). Philosophy: History and Reading, 8th edn., New York: McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Triffitt, M. (2018, July 10). A growing mistrust in democracy is causing extremism and strongman politics to flourish. The Conversation.

Walker, T. (2018, July 24). Why the world should be worried about the rise of strongman politics. The Conversation.

How to Cite
Owoyemi, M. (2022) “Strongman Rule and Democracy: Translating the Success of Professional Bodies into Democratic Reform in Africa”, Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), 7(3), p. e001364. doi: 10.47405/mjssh.v7i3.1364.