Managing Sabah's Security: Dilemma and Reality

  • Suhaili Abdul Rahman Ghazali Shafie Graduate School of Government, Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM)
  • Kamarulnizam Abdullah UUM Research Institue for Indonesia, Thailand, and Singapore, Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM)
Keywords: national security, sectoral security, securitisation, Sabah


As one of the states within the Federation of Malaysia, Sabah has inherited the characteristics of a developing country’s security management. The threats are not only driven by external but also from internal sources. As such, this article analyzes threats to Sabah's security predicaments. By using the National Security Theory of Developing Countries and Securitization Theory as the basis for discussion, the article explores and discusses how Sabah's security management have been influenced by several variables such as local political influences, federal-state relations, and societal’s state loyalty. The article concludes that Sabah’s security threats have been securitised by local political and community leaders. But, the success of securitising the threats depend on how security actors at the federal level are convinced with the omnipresent threats.


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How to Cite
Abdul Rahman, S., & Abdullah, K. (2018). Managing Sabah’s Security: Dilemma and Reality. Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), 3(5), 55 - 67. Retrieved from