Effectiveness of Internal Factors in Confronts the Monsoon Flood Disaster in Kota Bharu, Kelantan. Case Study: A Research Based on Residential Perceptions
The Northeast Monsoon flood disaster is a nature catastrophic that struck during monsoon season, which from October to December, is negatively impact to the local communities. Therefore, this study conducted to determine the effectiveness of internal factors in confronts the monsoon flood disaster in Kota Bharu, Kelantan. This reseach involved with quantitative methods, where questionnaires is require to collect and gather the data. This questionnaires is divided into two parts, namely demographic profile and internal factors in confronts the monsoon flood. Targeted sample size was set to 400 respondents and the study area is concentrated in Kota Bharu city. The analysis used in this study is the correlation coefficient between variables. The results indicate majority of respondents settled adjacent to the river is likely to build timber-structured house and higher than the land surface or a poles house to avoid flood disasters. In addition, respondents are cautious especially when there is continuous raining by preparing the daily need such as water, foods, boats, etc., which is sufficient for long period of one month or more. Despite the floods that bring joy to some residents, however, respondents will move to higher and safer area along with the important documents when necessary. In conclusion, the residents practiced the concept of adaptation to face the monsoon floods through physically and mentality, as well as ensuring safety and healthy are in good condition to avoid any unwanted circumstances.