Meninjau Hubungan Antarabangsa dan Dasar Luar di Malaysia: Penelitian Definisi dan Pengaruh Gaya Kepimpinan Perdana Menteri (1957-2022)

  • Faridah Jaafar Pusat Pengajian Pendidikan Jarak Jauh (PPPJJ), Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia.
Keywords: Dasar Luar Negara, Malaysia, Gaya Kepimpinan, Hubungan Antarabangsa, Politik

Abstract

Perbincangan akademik mengenai hubungan antarabangsa dan dasar luar sering mengundang pelbagai tafsiran dan kontroversi politik. Namun begitu, usaha untuk meningkatkan kefahaman terutamanya melalui perincian definisi topik-topik ini adalah terhad. Sehubungan itu, kajian ini memfokuskan kepada pengenalan konsep asas dalam hubungan antarabangsa dan dasar luar melalui dua cara iaitu; (1) membincangkan definisi dasar luar secara menyeluruh dan (2) pengaruh gaya kepimpinan perdana menteri terhadap dasar luar. Menggunakan data sekunder, tinjauan sistematik telah dijalankan berdasarkan kajian lepas yang di ekstrak daripada pangkalan data akademik dan diindeks oleh Google Scholar dari tahun 1960 hingga 2022. Berdasarkan keputusan analisis literatur, kajian ini mendapati gaya kepimpinan perdana menteri mempunyai pengaruh yang signifikan terhadap dasar luar di Malaysia. Secara khususnya, setiap perdana menteri mempunyai matlamat dan perancangan yang berbeza. Meskipun perkara ini membuka ruang perbahasan mengenai penggunaan kuasa secara tidak terkawal, Malaysia masih mengekalkan hubungan yang baik dengan negara-negara lain sehingga kini. Secara teorinya, hasil kajian ini telah berjaya memberikan gambaran keseluruhan mengenai konsep asas hubungan antarabangsa dan dasar luar di Malaysia terutamanya dengan membincangkan beberapa definisi daripada sarjana terdahulu dan pengaruh setiap perdana menteri terhadap dasar luar sejak tahun 1957 hingga kini.

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Published
2022-07-28
How to Cite
Jaafar, F. (2022) “Meninjau Hubungan Antarabangsa dan Dasar Luar di Malaysia: Penelitian Definisi dan Pengaruh Gaya Kepimpinan Perdana Menteri (1957-2022)”, Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), 7(7), p. e001623. doi: 10.47405/mjssh.v7i7.1623.
Section
Articles