University Students’ Civic Engagement: The Influencing Factors

  • Noor Azizah Ahmad School of Applied Psychology, Social Work and Policy, Universiti Utara Malaysia, 06010 Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia.
  • Nabisah Ibrahim School of Applied Psychology, Social Work and Policy, Universiti Utara Malaysia, 06010 Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia.
  • Ahmad Shukri Abdul Hamid School of Applied Psychology, Social Work and Policy, Universiti Utara Malaysia, 06010 Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia.
Keywords: Civic engagement, Influential factors, University students Malaysia


This study investigates the state of civic engagement amongst university students and factors influencing their participation. The study employs a quantitative method using a questionnaire distributed online as the primary method of data collection and analyses. A total of 549 Universiti Utara Malaysia undergraduate students from various academic programmes had participated as respondents to the online survey. The findings of this study suggest that the level of civic engagement amongst the university students are considerably high. Based on scoring obtained through the use of the standardised measures developed for this study, their level of participation of civic activities ranges from medium to high. Pertaining to the factors responsible for their level of participation in the civic milieu, the study concludes that national- or societal-level sentiments and influences constitute the major driving force as compared to the more individualistic motives. In this regard, it is reasonable to assume that, for this part of the population, civic engagement stays at a healthy level, with the primary caveat being that the source of inspiration for their civic health resides in macrosocial processes rather than the individual's psyche.


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How to Cite
Ahmad, N. A., Ibrahim, N. and Abdul Hamid, A. S. (2022) “University Students’ Civic Engagement: The Influencing Factors”, Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), 7(8), p. e001626. doi: 10.47405/mjssh.v7i8.1626.