Perkembangan Hubungan Iran-Amerika Syarikat Pasca Perang Dunia Kedua Sehingga Pasca Perang Dingin

  • Siti Aisyah Tajari Department of International Relations, Security and Law, Faculty of Management and Defence Studies, National Defence University of Malaysia (UPNM), 57000, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
  • Noraini Zulkifli Department of International Relations, Security and Law, Faculty of Management and Defence Studies, National Defence University of Malaysia (UPNM), 57000, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Keywords: Amerika Syarikat, Asia Barat, Iran, Revolusi 1979, Pasca Perang Dingin

Abstract

Revolusi Iran pada tahun 1979 bukan sahaja mengubah domestik dalaman Iran dari sebuah kerajaan monarki ke Republik Islam, malah turut mencorakkan landskap dan geopolitik Rantau Asia Barat. Hubungan diplomatik antara Iran dan Amerika sudah terbentuk sejak pertengahan abad ke-19 lagi namun perlahan-lahan hubungan Iran dan Amerika mengalami perkembangan dengan pelbagai isu yang menyebabkan berlakunya ketegangan antara kedua-dua buah negara sehingga kini. Walaupun banyak usaha dilakukan untuk memperbaiki hubungan dua hala namun banyak masalah yang menghalangnya lebih-lebih lagi dengan timbulnya banyak isu yang melibatkan kepentingan negara masing-masing. Kajian ini mempunyai dua objektif. Pertama, untuk mengkaji perkembangan dalam hubungan Iran- Amerika sejak perang dunia serta menganalisis isu-isu yang mempengaruhi hubungan Iran-Amerika Syarikat selepas era pasca Perang dingin. Kajian ini menggunakan sumber sekunder sepenuhnya. Dapatan kajian ini adalah 1). Revolusi Iran yang berlaku pada tahun 1979 menjelaskan bahawa perubahan politik negara tidak hanya mempengaruhi politik domestik, tetapi juga mampu mengubah landskap politik serantau. Kemunculan Amerika sebagai kuasa besar selepas Perang Dingin dilihat menjadi pencabar kepada Iran untuk menjadi kuasa besar di Asia Barat; 2). Program nuklear Iran menjadi sentimen terkuat yang digunakan Amerika dalam cubaan mereka untuk mengurangkan pengaruh Iran di Asia Barat.

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Author Biography

Siti Aisyah Tajari, Department of International Relations, Security and Law, Faculty of Management and Defence Studies, National Defence University of Malaysia (UPNM), 57000, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Revolusi Iran pada tahun 1979 bukan sahaja mengubah domestik dalaman Iran dari sebuah kerajaan monarki ke Republik Islam, malah turut mencorakkan landskap dan geopolitik Rantau Asia Barat. Hubungan diplomatik antara Iran dan Amerika sudah terbentuk sejak pertengahan abad ke-19 lagi namun perlahan-lahan hubungan Iran dan Amerika mengalami perkembangan dengan pelbagai isu yang menyebabkan berlakunya ketegangan antara kedua-dua buah negara sehingga kini. Walaupun banyak usaha dilakukan untuk memperbaiki hubungan dua hala namun banyak masalah yang menghalangnya lebih-lebih lagi dengan timbulnya banyak isu yang melibatkan kepentingan negara masing-masing. Kajian ini mempunyai dua objektif. Pertama, untuk mengkaji perkembangan dalam hubungan Iran- Amerika sejak perang dunia serta menganalisis isu-isu yang mempengaruhi hubungan Iran-Amerika Syarikat selepas era pasca Perang dingin. Kajian ini menggunakan sumber sekunder sepenuhnya. Dapatan kajian ini adalah 1). Revolusi Iran yang berlaku pada tahun 1979 menjelaskan bahawa perubahan politik negara tidak hanya mempengaruhi politik domestik, tetapi juga mampu mengubah landskap politik serantau. Kemunculan Amerika sebagai kuasa besar selepas Perang Dingin dilihat menjadi pencabar kepada Iran untuk menjadi kuasa besar di Asia Barat; 2). Program nuklear Iran menjadi sentimen terkuat yang digunakan Amerika dalam cubaan mereka untuk mengurangkan pengaruh Iran di Asia Barat.

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Published
2022-07-29
How to Cite
Tajari, S. A. and Zulkifli, N. (2022) “Perkembangan Hubungan Iran-Amerika Syarikat Pasca Perang Dunia Kedua Sehingga Pasca Perang Dingin”, Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), 7(7), p. e001663. doi: 10.47405/mjssh.v7i7.1663.
Section
Articles