A Literature Review on Residential Child Care: An Attachment Theory Perspectives
The existence of residential care is a step towards protecting, nurturing and restoring children who fall into torture, neglect, family problems and poverty. The purpose of residential care is to provide child care services to ensure the safety and natural growth in terms of physical, mental, emotional and moral development of children. Based on the highlights of previous studies there are several aspects such as regulation, program quality, staff relations with occupants and frequent exchange of care centers. All these aspects are the challenges that need to be addressed which have a direct impact over the cognitive, emotional, behavioral and social development of children. In this article, the authors highlights the importance of linking the relationship between guardians or institutional staff with children in shaping the self-esteem of the occupants so that they can accept change and develop better from all aspects.