Patriarchal Oppression and Gender Discrimination in Selected Novels of Alice Walker

  • Imad Mohammed Abar Department of English Language and Literature, Faculty of Languages and Communication, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris (UPSI)
  • Wan Mazlini Department of English Language and Literature, Faculty of Languages and Communication, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris (UPSI)
  • Jihad Jaafar Waham Department of English Language and Literature, Faculty of Languages and Communication, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris (UPSI)
Keywords: racial discrimination, patriarchal oppression, slavery, civil rights movement, marginalization, black feminist, gender equality


The current study sheds the light on the presence of African American women through selected novels of a contemporary feminist writer Alice Walker, The Color Purple, Meridian and The Third Life of Grange Copeland. The main aim behind this study is to create a new identity and give a voice for black women in American society in the recent era and make them self-confidence socially, emotionally and spiritually. Racial discrimination, patriarchal oppression, gender violence, the Civil Right Movement and slavery,  these subjects shape the core of Walker's works. Walker was the first female who coined 'Womanism' a term of black feminism which affricates women's culture, women's strength, and women's flexibility. The writer tells her themes through her heroines in order to offer the reader a real depiction and insightful and sent a message for all the world by the ill-treatment, marginalization, and multi-faced exploitation that most of Afro- American women have been suffering for centuries. Further to reveal the gradual development and social changes in the life of her protagonists from self-abnegation, silence and powerless to self-acceptance, resistance, and empowerment.   


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How to Cite
Abar, I., Mazlini, W. and Waham, J. J. (2019) “Patriarchal Oppression and Gender Discrimination in Selected Novels of Alice Walker”, Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), 4(3), pp. 85 - 92. doi: 10.47405/mjssh.v4i3.211.