Kepimpinan Servan: Satu Alternatif Pengurusan Sekolah Abad Ke-21

  • Jaggil Apak SM Tinggi Kota Kinabalu, Sabah
  • Muhamad Suhaimi Taat Fakulti Psikologi dan Pendidikan, Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
  • Roslee Talip Fakulti Psikologi dan Pendidikan, Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
  • Dg Norizah Ag Kiflee@ Dzulkifli Fakulti Psikologi dan Pendidikan, Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
Keywords: kepimpinan servan pengetua, tahap amalan, pengalaman mengajar

Abstract

Perubahan pendidikan semasa memerlukan kepimpinan berkesan pengetua. Pelbagai teori dan model mengenai kepimpinan disajikan menerusi literatur, namun jarang menyentuh aspek Kepimpinan Servan. Kajian ini dilakukan bertujuan mengenal pasti amalan kepimpinan servan pengetua dari persepsi guru sekolah menengah di Sabah, Malaysia. Kajian berbentuk bukan eksperimental ini menggunakan kaedah tinjauan dan mengabungkan beberapa teknik pensampelan kebarangkalian dalam mendapatkan sampel. Data dikumpul menggunakan satu set borang soal selidik adaptasi dari Servant Organizational Leadership Assessment (SOLA) Laub (1999), dan ditadbir ke atas 439 orang guru. Data dianalisis menggunakan perisian IBM SPSS Statistics 21.0. Berdasarkan analisis deskriptif, didapati kepimpinan servan pengetua diamalkan pada tahap tinggi. Seramai 377 orang guru (85.9%) mempersepsikan pengetua mempunyai amalan yang tinggi dalam pengurusan sekolah. Keputusan analisis Ujian-t yang diperoleh adalah tidak signifikan (t=-0.472, df=437, p>0.05), yang menunjukkan tidak terdapat perbezaan amalan kepimpinan servan pengetua berdasarkan jantina. Melalui ujian ANOVA sehala, kepimpinan servan pengetua berdasarkan pengalaman mengajar guru juga didapati tidak signifikan [F (df=2, 436) =0.061, p>0.05]. Kajian menyimpulkan bahawa tiada perbezaan dalam kepimpinan servan pengetua berdasarkan pengalaman mengajar guru. Kajian mencadangkan agar amalan kepimpinan servan diterapkan dalam pengurusan pengetua memandangkan guru terbukti dapat menerimanya. Guru dan komuniti sekolah lebih dihargai, dibangun, dan dipimpin ke arah mencapai matlamat organisasi yang disasarkan.

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Published
2019-07-09
How to Cite
Apak, J., Taat, M. S., Talip, R. and Ag Kiflee@ Dzulkifli, D. N. (2019) “Kepimpinan Servan: Satu Alternatif Pengurusan Sekolah Abad Ke-21”, Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), 4(3), pp. 173 - 184. Available at: https://msocialsciences.com/index.php/mjssh/article/view/222 (Accessed: 14July2020).
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