Enhancing Language Acquisition: A Case Study of TESL Lesson Plans in an International School
The fourth goal in Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) spells out Quality Education that demands teachers across all disciplines to teach effectively. The available literature suggests that teaching effectiveness starts from good planning, which should be evident in the documentation of lesson plans. However, when it comes to English teachers, their demanding roles that are attributed to the value-laden content, the grading of essays, the performance pressure of high-stake testing, and the requirement of culturally appropriate pedagogies (Loh & Liew, 2016) have caused the practice of writing lesson plans to be challenged, causing the effectiveness of the teaching to be jeopardised. English teachers in international schools are not exempted from facing this problem, yet little studies have been done on the teachers in this context. To achieve the purpose, this research adopts a case study design using document analysis and semi-structured interview to collect the data. The data were analysed quantitatively using a lesson plan rubric by Student Teacher Assessment Instrument (STAI) and thematic analysis, respectively. The study unveils that the teachers had a moderate level of lesson plan, suggesting a need for further support in lesson planning. The findings of this study will be helpful for English. Teachers understand the importance of writing an effective lesson plan as it has a high possibility of enhancing teaching effectiveness.
Adeyemi, D. A. (2010). Justification of a multidisciplinary approach to teaching language in Botswana junior secondary schools. Journal of Language, Technology & Entrepreneurship in Africa, 2(1), 8-20.
Alanazi, M. H. (2019). A Study of the Pre-Service Trainee Teachers Problems in Designing Lesson Plans. Arab World English Journal, 10(1), 66 – 182.
Amininik, S. (2000). A survey of the implementation of lesson plans in Bushehr University of Medical Sciences. In the 4th national medical education conference in Bushehr.
Ansyari, M.F., (2018) Developing a rubric for assessing pre-service English teacher struggles with instructional planning, Cogent Education, 5(1).
Binning, A.C., & Binning, D.R. (1982). Teaching Social Studies in School. New York: McGraw Hill Book Co.
Bossing, N. L. (1961). Improving the Quality of Public School Programs: Approaches to Curriculum Development. Columbia: Bureau of Publications, Teachers College, Columbia University.
Emiliasari, R. N. (2019). Lesson planning in EFL classroom: A case study in lesson plan preparation and implementation. Wiralodra English Journal, 3(2), 367- 375.
Enow, L., & Goodwyn, A. (2018). The invisible plan: how English teachers develop their expertise and the special place of adapting the skills of lesson planning. English in Education, 52(2), 120-134.
Gibbons, S. (2017). English and its teachers: A history of policy, pedagogy and practice. Taylor & Francis.
Goodwyn, A. (2011). English Teachers in the Digital Age-a Case Study of Policy and Expert Practice from England. English in Australia, 46(1), 53-61.
Hannon, F. B. (2000). A national medical education needs’ assessment of interns and the development of an intern education and training programme. Medical education, 34(4), 275-284. implementation of faculty members of Lorestan University of Medical Science about lesson planning. Ofogh: Journal of EDC (Educational Development Center), 1-6.
Kauffman, D. (2005). Curriculum support and curriculum neglect: Second-year teachers experiences. Cambridge, MA: Project on the Next Generation of Teachers at theHarvard Graduate School of Education
Loh, C. E., & Liew, W. M. (2016). Voices from the ground: The emotional labor of English teachers' work. Teaching and Teacher Education, 55, 267-278.
Mensalvas, A. (2013, Nov 18). Lesson Planning and Demo Teaching. Basic Education Mentor. Panpacific University North Philippines, Tayug.
Milkova, S. (2012). Strategies for effective lesson planning. Center for Research on learning and Teaching, 1-4.
Mills, A. J., Durepos, G., & Wiebe, E. (2009). Encyclopedia of case study research. Sage Publications.
Montessori Accreditation Council for Teacher Education (MACTE). (n.d.). About MACTE. Retrieved May 5, 2022, from http://www.macte.org/about-macte/.
Moradan, A., & Pourasadollah, R. (2014). Teachers’ thinking about their teaching: A critical study on Iranian TEFL teachers. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 98, 1194-1203.
Mukundan, J., & Khandehroo, K. (2010). Burnout among English language teachers in Malaysia. Contemporary Issues in Education Research, 3(1), 71-76.
Neisari, A. J., & Heidari, M. (2014). The Important Role of Lesson Plan on Educational Achievement of Iranian EFL Teachers’ Attitudes. Islamic Azad University.
Que, S. R., & Lewier, C. A. (2020). English teachers expertise in designing and implementing lesson plan for curriculum 2013. Curricula: Journal of Teaching and Learning, 5(2), 60-68
Rahmawati, E., Saefullah, H., & Sumarta. (2021). Pre-service EFL Teachers’ Voices on Designing and Implementing Lesson Plan for Online Learning. Edumaspul: Jurnal Pendidikan, 5(2), 728–738. https://doi.org/10.33487/edumaspul.v5i2.1775
Rusznyak, L. & Walton, E., (2011) Lesson planning guidelines for student teachers: A scaffold for the development of pedagogical content knowledge. Education as change, 15(2), 271-285.
Sari, F. M. & Wahyudin, A. Y. (2019) Blended-Learning: The Responses from Non-English Students in the Indonesian Tertiary Context. Teknosastik: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, 17(1), 23-28.
Sarkim, Tarsisius and Panuluh, Albertus Hariwangsa and Julie, Hongki (2018) Lesson Plan for STEM Approach at a Junior High School in Yogyakarta. In: The 5th International Conference on Research, Implementation, & Education of Mathematics and Sciences, Hotel Eastparc.
Spratt, M., Pulverness, A., & Williams, M. (2005). The TKT (Teaching Knowledge Test) Course. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Sudirman, S. P. (2017). Efforts to improve teacher competence in developing a lesson plan through sustainable guidance in SMKN 1 Mamuju. Retrievedfrom https://files. eric. ed. gov/fulltext/EJ1133109. pdf.
Yin, R. K. (1994). Discovering the future of the case study. Method in evaluation research. Evaluation practice, 15(3), 283-290.