Double Modal Verbs (Have to) and Verbs in English Modality on Corpus Linguistics in the Context of Industrial Revolution 4.0: Syntactic and Semantic Studies

  • Deden Novan Setiawan Nugraha Faculty of Business and Management, Widyatama University, Indonesia
Keywords: modals verbs, corpus linguistics, modality


Language is one of the means that has a large in public opinion to build a new perspective on development, both academically and non-academically. Relating to Developing 4.0 thought system (Internet of Things, Artificial Intelligence, Human-Machine Interface, Robot Technology and Sensors, and 3D Printing Technology). One of them is use Corpus Linguistics. One of the typical difficulties poses by modals verbs are the multiplicity of meaning. Most modal verbs have more than one meaning or function. By using descriptive method, this research describes the modal have to+ verb in English modality and Indonesian based on its meaning. The data was taken from Corpus of Contemporary American English (COCA). The results showed that the types of meanings modals have to + verb are dynamic and deontic modalities.

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How to Cite
Setiawan Nugraha, D. N. (2019) “Double Modal Verbs (Have to) and Verbs in English Modality on Corpus Linguistics in the Context of Industrial Revolution 4.0: Syntactic and Semantic Studies”, Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), 4(5), pp. 28 - 33. Available at: (Accessed: 14July2020).