Pattern and Utilization of Maternal Health Services in Jigawa State, Nigeria

  • Muhammad Abdulkadir Geography Section, School of Humanities, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Ruslan Rainis Geography Section, School of Humanities, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Alshammari Eissa Zaidan Geography Department, University of Ha'il, Saudi Arabia
  • Murtala Uba Muhammad Geography Department, Bayero University, Nigeria
  • Yamuna A. Kani ederal University, Dutse, Jigawa State, Nigeria
Keywords: hospital based delivery, antenatal visit, Jigawa, socio-demographic, postnatal


One of the important goals of launching the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) is maternal health. Nigeria was not able to achieved the target of reduction the maternal mortality as set by MDGs as a target. Nigeria has 37 state and Jigawa state is one of those state. The state has poor indices of health indicator, the maternal mortality is high and also antenatal visit in the state is not encouraging. The objective of the study was to find out the degree (extent) of the usage of the services of the maternal health care and to examine the role of socio-demographic variables and antenatal visit on the uses of the services of maternal health system available in the state. Logistic regression (Binary), chi- square, and bivariate analysis were used and the study used the data collected from the state ministry of health. The study utilized the data for two year (2017-2018) . The finding of this study revealed that socio-economic factors greatly influence the uses of maternal health care services. Level of education (Women’s education) influences the maternal health care utilization. The study found that, the hospital based delivery, antenatal care visit utilization and seeking service after delivery varies among the women with the different level of education, age at marriage, women’s age and residence of women. The study revealed that, the women’s with the high level of education (literate) is 2 times compared to illiterate women likely to use antenatal services (OR=1.97, ANC1.95, full ANC p<0.01), also in terms of hospital delivery literate women is (OR=1.52, p<0.01) or 1.53 times. Women’s education encouragement and support should be advocated because is one among the many strategies to improve the utilisation of the services of maternal health.

Abstract views: 112 , PDF downloads: 100


Download data is not yet available.


Adamu, Y. M. (2014). Chapter Twenty Two. KANO, 347.

Buor, D., & Bream, K. (2004). An analysis of the determinants of maternal mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. Journal of Women's Health, 13(8), 926-938.

Dairo, M., & Owoyokun, K. (2010). Factors affecting the utilization of antenatal care services in Ibadan, Nigeria. Benin Journal of Postgraduate Medicine, 12(1).

Dixit, P., Dwivedi, L. K., & Ram, F. (2013). Estimating the impact of antenatal care visits on institutional delivery in India: A propensity score matching analysis. Health, 5(05), 862.

Doctor, H. V., Findley, S. E., Ager, A., Cometto, G., Afenyadu, G. Y., Adamu, F., & Green, C. (2012). Using community-based research to shape the design and delivery of maternal health services in Northern Nigeria. Reproductive health matters, 20(39), 104-112.

Fagbamigbe, A. F., & Idemudia, E. S. (2015). Assessment of quality of antenatal care services in Nigeria: evidence from a population-based survey. Reproductive health, 12(1), 88.

Gogoi, M., Unisa, S., & Prusty, R. K. (2014). Utilization of maternal health care services and reproductive health complications in Assam, India. Journal of Public Health, 22(4), 351-359.

Govindasamy, P., & Ramesh, B. (1997). Maternal education and the utilization of maternal and child health services in India.

Health, W. H. O. D. o. M., Abuse, S., Organization, W. H., health, W. h. o. D. o. m., health, s. a. M., evidence, . . . Team, R. (2005). Mental health atlas 2005: World Health Organization.

Idris, S., Gwarzo, U., & Shehu, A. (2006). Determinants of place of delivery among women in a semi-urban settlement in Zaria, northern Nigeria. Annals of African medicine, 5(2), 68-72.

Islam, M. A., Chowdhury, R. I., & Akhter, H. H. (2006). Complications during pregnancy, delivery, and postnatal stages and place of delivery in rural Bangladesh. Health Care for Women International, 27(9), 807-821.

Mutihir, J. T., & Utoo, B. (2011). Postpartum maternal morbidity in Jos, north-central Nigeria. Nigerian journal of clinical practice, 14(1).

Mutiso, S., Qureshi, Z., & Kinuthia, J. (2008). Birth preparedness among antenatal clients. East African medical journal, 85(6), 275-283.

Naseem, S., Khattak, U. K., Ghazanfar, H., & Irfan, A. (2017). Maternal health status in terms of utilisation of antenatal, natal and postnatal services in a Periurban setting of Islamabad: A community based survey. J Pak Med Assoc, 67(8), 1186-1191.

Nigussie, M., Mariam, D. H., & Mitike, G. (2004). Assessment of safe delivery service utilization among women of childbearing age in north Gondar Zone, North West Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of health development, 18(3), 145-152.

Obiyan, M. O., & Kumar, A. (2015). Socioeconomic inequalities in the use of maternal health care services in Nigeria: trends between 1990 and 2008. Sage Open, 5(4), 2158244015614070.

Oladapo, O., Adetoro, O., Ekele, B., Chama, C., Etuk, S., Aboyeji, A., . . . Adegbola, O. (2016). When getting there is not enough: a nationwide cross‐sectional study of 998 maternal deaths and 1451 near‐misses in public tertiary hospitals in a low‐income country. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 123(6), 928-938.

Organization, W. H. (2014). Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births). Health Statistics and Information Systems. WHO, Geneva.

Organization, W. H. (2017). Progress in partnership: 2017 progress report on the Every woman every child global strategy for women’s, children’s and adolescents’ health. Retrieved from

Panda, M., & Vashisht, B. M. (2014). Practices related to delivery and antenatal care among females in rural block of Haryana, India. Muller Journal of Medical Sciences and Research, 5(1), 39.

Rai, R. K., Singh, P. K., & Singh, L. (2012). Utilization of maternal health care services among married adolescent women: insights from the Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey, 2008. Women's Health Issues, 22(4), e407-e414.

Ray, S., Bhandari, P., & Prasad, J. B. (2018). Utilization pattern and associated factors of maternal health care services in Haryana, India: a study based on district level household survey data. Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol, 7, 1154-1163.

Simkhada, B., Teijlingen, E. R. v., Porter, M., & Simkhada, P. (2008). Factors affecting the utilization of antenatal care in developing countries: systematic review of the literature. Journal of advanced nursing, 61(3), 244-260.

Singh, P. K., Rai, R. K., Alagarajan, M., & Singh, L. (2012). Determinants of maternity care services utilization among married adolescents in rural India. PloS one, 7(2), e31666.

Turan, J. M., Miller, S., Bukusi, E., Sande, J., & Cohen, C. (2008). HIV/AIDS and maternity care in Kenya: how fears of stigma and discrimination affect uptake and provision of labor and delivery services. AIDS care, 20(8), 938-945.

Zahr, C. A., Wardlaw, T. M., & Choi, Y. (2004). Maternal mortality in 2000: estimates developed by WHO, UNICEF and UNFPA: World Health Organization.

Zozulya, M. (2010). Maternal mortality in Nigeria: An indicator of women's status. A Consultancy Africa Intelligence Publication. Source: http://www. consultancyafrica. com. Retrieved August.
How to Cite
Abdulkadir, M., Rainis, R., Zaidan, A. E., Muhammad, M. U. and Kani, Y. A. (2019) “Pattern and Utilization of Maternal Health Services in Jigawa State, Nigeria”, Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), 4(7), pp. 31 - 40. doi:

Most read articles by the same author(s)