The Influence of Institution Service Quality, Industrial Training Satisfaction and Self-Directed Learning on the Employability of Vocational College Students in Sabah
The issue of graduate unemployment as a result of the rapid changes in the labor market due to socioeconomic instability, organizational change and technology advances has gained attention not only in Malaysia, but also globally. This issue is synonymous with employability and need to be addressed by all parties, including higher education institutions, the industry which offers training collaborations as well as students themselves. Therefore, this study aimed to identify the influence of student’s learning experiences related to institution quality services, industrial training satisfaction, and self-directed learning on the self-perceived employability among vocational college students in Sabah, Malaysia. Among the theory and model applied as a guide are SSPE Model (Student Self- Perceived Employability), HESQUAL Model, Internship Satisfaction Model and PRO-SDL Model (Personal Responsibility Orientation of Self-Directed in Learning). This quantitative study that applied cross-sectional survey method using a set of adapted structured questionnaires. A pilot study involving 105 respondents found that the instruments to be used have high validity and reliability. The findings of the study are expected to help vocational college stakeholders at all level especially institution, industry as well as students to improve the education programs and to ensure that the goals and objectives to enhance employability can be achieved excellently through the intervention of service quality, industrial training and self-directed learning.