Women Participation in Political Parliement Post-Soeharto in Indonesia

  • Yumasdaleni Yumasdaleni Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
  • Chan Kim Ling Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
  • Mimi Hanida Abdul Mutalib Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
Keywords: women participation, parliament, post-Soeharto, Indonesia

Abstract

This article discusses women’s elections participation in Indonesia after President Soeharto's government. Women's participation in elections through quota issues began in 2004. Collecting data in a qualitative method and supported by quantitative data. This document describes two dynamic factors in women's participation in the political parliament. The first is the law and the policy factors, the second is the political party's factor in women's recruitment. The results of this study suggest that 2004, 2009, 2014, and 2019 elections have significantly increased the number of women entering parliament. This is supported by a change in the electoral law stating that women must be included in the list of at least 30% and one in three candidates must be women. This law is a change from the word "consideration" to "mandatory" in candidate lists. The obligatory passage has been crucial in the changing number of women selected. In addition factors in the cadre party that are the issue of the party's inability to recruit systems. The lack of political party women cadre, the party recruits women instantly. The women chosen are those associated with the family of the political elite. Women who come from this political elite are eligible to be elected because they have strong capital and networking. This situation also often excludes women who have been active in the party but have insufficient funds for the campaign. The number one candidate on the ballot paper list is important as those who are elected in every election have more than fifty percent of their names in number one, which often excludes women.

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Published
2020-01-30
How to Cite
Yumasdaleni, Y., Kim Ling, C., & Abdul Mutalib, M. H. (2020). Women Participation in Political Parliement Post-Soeharto in Indonesia. Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), 5(1), 52 - 68. Retrieved from https://msocialsciences.com/index.php/mjssh/article/view/350
Section
Articles