Work-Family Conflict and Psychological Health Among Nurses: A Preliminary Observation

  • Suzana Mohd Hanifa Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Faculty of Human Ecology, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Zanariah Ismail Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Faculty of Human Ecology, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Soadah Ahmad Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Faculty of Human Ecology, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
  • Zarinah Arsat Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Faculty of Human Ecology, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
Keywords: nurses, work-family conflict, psychological health


Nursing is a female-dominated profession and is commonly considered as a stressful and challenging job. The nature of the nurses’ work, which is highly demanding, brings about difficulties in balancing work and family life, further resulting in work-family conflict. Apart from workplace stressors, work-family conflict has been identified as one of the factors that can threaten nurses' psychological health. This literature review thus sought to identify the factors associated with nurses’ experience of work-family conflict and its consequences to their psychological health. Accordingly, this literature review found that nurses’ work characteristics, namely, shift work, job demand and individual factors, significantly influence work-family conflict, which may in turn affect their psychological health in several ways. Future research should focus on positive conditions or resource-based perspectives that can help nurses in reducing work-family conflict and enhancing their health and well-being.


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How to Cite
Mohd Hanifa, S., Ismail, Z., Ahmad, S. and Arsat, Z. (2020) “Work-Family Conflict and Psychological Health Among Nurses: A Preliminary Observation”, Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), 5(7), pp. 113 - 123. Available at: (Accessed: 5August2020).