Challenges of Learning English in 21st Century: Online vs. Traditional During Covid-19

  • Isai Amuthan Krishnan Faculty of Languages and Linguistics, University of Malaya (UM)
  • Hee Sio Ching ELM Business School, HELP University
  • Selvajothi Ramalingam Faculty of Languages and Linguistics, University of Malaya (UM)
  • Elanttamil Maruthai Faculty of Languages and Linguistics, University of Malaya (UM)
  • Pushpa Kandasamy SMK Dato' Bentara Dalam, Segamat, Johor
  • Geraldine De Mello Jabatan Bahasa Inggeris, Akademi Pengajian Bahasa, UiTM Cawangan Melaka
  • Saravanan Munian SRJKT Ganesar Serdang, Kedah
  • Wong Woei Ling Kuching District Education Office, Kuching, Sarawak
Keywords: free online resources, traditional, attitudes' accessible, coronavirus, Covid-19


Free online resources are user-friendly technologies which have become available through the Internet in recent years and gaining popularity during Covid-19. Since learners use smartphones, free online resources are easily accessible. Books are portable, but learners find it somewhat difficult to learn English language via books which may only be available in the classroom context, whereas free online resources are easily accessed. The purpose of this study is to identify learners’ perception learning English via free online resources and traditional learning. Quantitative and qualitative methods were employed in the present study. Twenty-five international pre-elementary intensive English students took part in this study. It was found that learners perceived the free online resources as valuable tools for learning English in relation to reading, conversation, and vocabulary and also free online resources help promote free learning norms in learning the English language. The learners also had constructive attitudes towards free online resources. Free online resources always provide a motivating learning environment, enhance learners’ analytical and critical thinking skills, and encourage social interaction between teachers and learners, learners and their peers, and learners and other participants.


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How to Cite
Krishnan, I. A., Ching, H., Ramalingam, S., Maruthai, E., Kandasamy, P., Mello, G., Munian, S. and Ling, W. (2020) “Challenges of Learning English in 21st Century: Online vs. Traditional During Covid-19”, Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), 5(9), pp. 1 - 15. doi: 10.47405/mjssh.v5i9.494.

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