Pembelajaran Terarah Kendiri dan Pengaruhnya terhadap Tanggapan Kebolehgajian Diri Pelajar Vokasional di Sabah

  • Asrin Gili Fakulti Psikologi dan Pendidikan, Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
  • Abdul Said Ambotang Fakulti Psikologi dan Pendidikan, Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
Keywords: kebolehgajian, tanggapan kebolehgajian diri, pembelajaran terarah kendiri, vokasional

Abstract

Kajian ini bertujuan mengenal pasti hubungan dan pengaruh Pembelajaran Terarah Kendiri (PTK) terhadap Tanggapan Kebolehgajian Diri (TKD) pelajar Kolej Vokasional (KV) di Sabah, Malaysia. Kajian kuantitatif yang mengaplikasikan kaedah tinjauan cross-sectional ini menggunakan satu set soal selidik adaptasi untuk memungut data daripada 297 orang pelajar semester akhir yang dipilih sebagai responden. Analisis deskriptif menunjukkan bahawa PTK dan TKD pelajar dipersepsi pada tahap tinggi. Analisis Korelasi Pearson pula mendapati bahawa terdapat hubungan yang signifikan, positif dan kuat antara PTK dan TKD pelajar. Sementara itu, analisis regresi mudah pula mendapati bahawa PTK mempunyai pengaruh yang signifikan dan merupakan peramal penting kepada TKD pelajar pada kadar 50.0%. Dapatan-dapatan kajian ini ialah bukti empirikal bahawa TKD yang menjadikan pelajar lebih berkeyakinan untuk bersaing dalam pasaran buruh selepas menamatkan pengajian boleh ditingkatkan melalui pengupayaan PTK. Justeru, dapatan kajian ini diharap dapat dijadikan panduan kepada semua pihak yang terlibat secara langsung atau tidak langsung dalam sistem pendidikan KV dan juga penyelidikan dalam usaha meningkatkan kebolehgajian pelajar menerusi intervensi PTK. 

Statistics
Abstract views: 47 , PDF downloads: 33

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Akgunduz, D., & Akinoglu, O. (2016). The effect of blended learning and social media-supported learning on the students’ attitude and self-directed learning skills in science education. Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 15(2), 106–115

Bahrim, T. A. I. B. T. K., Azahari, H. I. B. H., Zulkarnal, N. A. A. B., Sallehudin, N. A. B., & Yusop, R. B. M. (2019). High Rate of Employment Among Graduates in Malaysia. E-JOMS (Malaysian Journal of Media & Society), 3(July), 1–15.

Baruch, Y., M. P. Bell, & D. Gray. (2005). “Generalist and Specialist Graduate Business Degrees: Tangible and Intangible Value.” Journal of Vocational Behavior 67 (1), 51–68

Bernston, E. & Marklund, S. (2007). The Relationship Between Perceived Employability and Subsequent Health. Work & Stress: An International Journal of Work, Health and Organisations. 21(3). 279-292.

Bernston, E., Sverke, M. & Marklund, S. (2006). Predicting Perceived Employability: Human Capital or Labour Market Opportunities. Economic and Industrial Democracy. 27(2). 223-244.

Botha, J.-A. (2012). The relationship between adult learner self-directedness and employability attributes: an open distance learning perspective. University of South Africa.

Botha, J.-A., Coetzee, M., & Coetzee, M. (2015). Exploring adult learners’ self-directedness in relation to their employability attributes in open distance learning. Journal of Psychology in Africa, 25(1), 65–72.

Brockett, R. G. (1983). Self-directed learning and the Hard to Reach Adult. Lifelong Learning: The Adult Years, 6(8), 16–18.

Brockett, R. G., & Hiemstra, R. (1991). Self-direction in Adult Learning: Perspectives on Theory, Research adn Practices (1st Editio). London: Routledge Taylor & Francis Group.

Cheng, C., & Mohamad, J. (2020). Youth Unemployment in Malaysia & the Region - ISIS. Japan SPOTLIGHT, Special Ar(February), 49–53

Chou, P.N. (2012). The Development of a Measurement Tool to Assess Chinese Engineering Students’ Self-directed learning Abilities. Global Journal of Engineering Education. 142, 196 -199.

Chun, J. (2016). A Multilevel Analysis of the Effects of Individual and Organizational Level Variables on Perceived Employability of Office Workers in Large Corporations Seoul National University, Korea

Coetzee, M., & Engelbrecht, L. (2019). How Employability Attributes Mediate the Link Between Knowledge Workers’ Career Adaptation Concerns and Their Self-Perceived Employability. Psychological Reports, 1–22.

Cohen, L., Manion, L., & Morrison, K. (2007). Research Methods in Education (6th ed.). United Kingdom: Routledge Publishers

Curran, V., Gustafson, D. L., Simmons, K., Lannon, H., Wang, C., Garmsiri, M., … Wetsch, L. (2019). Adult learners’ perceptions of self-directed learning and digital technology usage in continuing professional education: An update for the digital age. Journal of Adult and Continuing Education, 25(1), 74–93.

Dacre Pool, L., & Sewell, P. (2007). The key to employability: developing a practical model of graduate employability. Education + Training, 49(4), 277–289.

De Cuyper, N., Bernhard-Oettel, C., Bernston, E., De Witte, H. & Alarco, B. (2008). Employability and Employees’ Well-Being: Mediation by Job Security. Applied Psychology: An International Review. 57(3), 88 – 509

Donald, W. E., Baruch, Y., & Ashleigh, M. (2017). The undergraduate self-perception of employability: human capital, careers advice, and career ownership. Studies in Higher Education, 0(0), 1–16.

Emmerik, I.J., Schreurs, B., Cuyper, N.E., Jawahar, I.M. & Peeters, M. (2012). The Route to Employability: Examining Resources and the Mediating Role of Motivation. Career Development International. 17(2), 104-119

Francom, G.M. (2010). Teach Me How to Learn: Principles for Fostering Students’ Self-directed learning Skills. International Journal of Self-directed learning. 7(1), 29 -44

Fugate, M., Kinicki, A. J., & Ashforth, B. E. (2004). Employability: A psycho-social construct, its dimensions, and applications. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 65(1), 14–38.

Gijbels, D., Raemdonck, I. & Vevecken, D. (2010). Influencing Work-Related Learning: The Role of Job Characteristics and Self-Directed Leaning Orientation in Part-Time Vocational Education. Vocations and Learning. 3. pp. 239-255.

Guilbert, L., Bernaud, J., Gouvernet, B. & Rossier, J. (2016). Employability: Review and Research Prospects. International Journal of Educational and Vocational Guidance. 16,  69 -89

Huang, J.T. 2015. Hardiness, Perceived Employability, and Career Decision Self-Efficacy Among Taiwanese College Students. Journal of Career Development. 42(4), 311-324

Ibrahim, D. H. M., & Mahyuddin, M. Z. (2017). Youth Unemployment in Malaysia: Developments and Policy Considerations. Bank Negara Malaysia Outlook and Policy Report 2017.

ILO (2016). World Employment and Social Outlook. 2015. International labor office, Geneva

Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia. (2018). BULETIN PERANGKAAN BULANAN MALAYSIA. Retrieved from https://www.dosm.gov.my

Kamaliah, S., Roslan, S., Bakar, A. R., & Ghiami, Z. (2018). The effect of supervised work experience on the acquisition of employability skills among Malaysian students. Higher Education, Skills and Work-Based Learning, 8(4), 354–364

Kassim, Z. B. A. (2020). Dilema Isu Pengangguran Belia Di Malaysia. Institut Maklumat Dan Analisis Pasaran Buruh, Kementerian Sumber Manusia (ILMIA), AR/3.2020.Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia (KPM). (2018). Laporan Pengesanan Graduan 2017. Putra. Retrieved from www.moe.gov.my

Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia (KPM). (2019). Laporan Pengesanan Graduan 2018. Putrajaya. Retrieved from www.moe.gov.my

Kementerian Pendidikan Tinggi Malaysia. (2018). Kajian Pengesanan Graduan 2017. Retrieved from http://www.mohe.gov.my/muat-turun/awam/statistik/2017

Khong, C. S. (2018). The Relationship between Self-Directedness in Learning and Employability : A study at a Private University in Dubai , United Arab Emirates. University of Leicester.

Kim, H. Y., & Kim, G. U. (2018). The Effect of Self-Directedness in Learing on Employment Readiness of Undergraduates in South Korea. Journal of Education and Learning, 7(3), 125.

Kidane, H. H., Roebertsen, H., & Van Der Vleuten, C. P. M. (2020). Students’ perceptions towards self-directed learning in Ethiopian medical schools with new innovative curriculum: A mixed-method study. BMC Medical Education, 20(1), 1–10.

Kim, S.J., Kim, H.S., & Lee, J.K. (2015). Employee self-concepts, voluntary learning behavior, and perceived employability. Journal of Managerial Psychology. 30(3), 264-279.

Knowles, M. S. (1975). Self-Directed Learning: A Guide for Learners and Teachers. New York: The Adult Education Company.

Krejcie, R. V, & Morgan, D. (1970). DETERMINING SAMPLE SIZE FOR RESEARCH ACTIVITIES. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 30, 607–610.

Law, C. S. 2018. Malaysia Public Universities ’ Graduate Employability Policies : An Analysis of First Degree Graduates Unemployment and Underemployment Issues. International Journal of Social Science and Humanities Research, 6(4), 480–489

Lee, K. S., Tsai, P. S., Chai, C. S., & Koh, J. H. L. (2014). Students’ perceptions of self-directed learning and collaborative learning with and without technology. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 30(5), 425–437.

Leo, M. (2018). What You Didn’t Know About Fresh Graduate Unemployment in Malaysia [Infographic]. Retrieved from https://eduadvisor.my/articles/what-didnt-know-fresh-graduate-unemployment-malaysia-infographic/

Lo Presti, A., & Pluviano, S. (2016). Looking for a route in turbulent waters: Employability as a compass for career success. Organizational Psychology Review, 6(2), 192–211.

Magnano, P., Santisi, G., Zammitti, A., Zarbo, R., & Nuovo, S. Di. (2019). Self-perceived employability and meaningful work: The mediating role of courage on quality of life. Sustainability (Switzerland), 11(764), 1–14.

O’Donoghue, J. dan Maguire, T. (2005). The Individual Learner, Employability and the Workplace: A Reappraisal of Relationships and Prophecies. Journal of European Industrial Training. 29(6), 436-446.

Premkumar, K., Vinod, E., Sathishkumar, S., Pulimood, A. B., Umaefulam, V., Prasanna Samuel, P., & John, T. A. (2018). Self-directed learning readiness of Indian medical students: A mixed method study. BMC Medical Education, 18(1), 1–10.

Qenani, E., MacDougall, N., & Sexton, C. (2014). An empirical study of self-perceived employability: Improving the prospects for student employment success in an uncertain environment. Active Learning in Higher Education, 15(3), 199–213.

Ramsey, V.J. & Couch, P.D. (1994). Beyond Self-directed learning: a Partnership Model of Teaching and Learning. Journal of Management Education. 18(2), 139-162

Raemdonck, I., Gijbels, D., & Van Groen, W. (2014). The influence of job characteristics and self-directed learning orientation on workplace learning. International Journal of Training and Development, 18(3), 188–203.

Raemdonck, I., Van Der Leeden, R., Valcke, M., Segers, M., & Thijssen, J. (2012). Predictors of Self-directed learning for Low-Qualified Employees: A Multi-Level Analysis. European Journal of Training and Development. 36(6). pp. 572-591.

Rashid, T., & Asghar, H. M. (2016). Technology use, self-directed learning, student engagement and academic performance: Examining the interrelations. Computers in Human Behavior, 63, 604–612.

Roskies, E. & Louis-Guerin, C. (1990). Job Insecurity in Managers: Antecedents and Consequences. Journal of Organizational Behavior. 11. pp. 345-359.

Rothwell, A., Herbert, I., & Rothwell, F. (2008). Self-perceived employability: Construction and initial validation of a scale for university students. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 73(1), 1–12.

Stockdale, S. L., & Brockett, R. G. (2011). Development of the PRO-SDLS : A Measure of Self- Direction in Learning Based on the Personal Responsibility Orientation Model. Adult Education Quartely, 61(2), 161–180.

Sulasiwi, I. F., Handayanto, S. K., & Wartono, W. (2019). Eksplorasi keterampilan self-directed learning (SDL) siswa SMA: a descriptive research study. Momentum: Physics Education Journal, 3(1), 42–52.

Taqipour, M., Abbasi, E., Naeimi, A., Ganguly, S., & Miandasthi, N. Z. (2016). An investigation of self-directed learning skills among the Iranian agricultural students (Case of agricultural college, tarbiat modares university). Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 18(1), 15–26

Taat, M. S., & Abdullah, M. Y. (2014). Impak Pengajaran Dan Bimbingan Guru Pendidikan Islam Terhadap Motivasi Dan Pembelajaran Terarah Kendiri Pelajar. Jurnal Pemikir Pendidikan (Journal for Educational Thinkers), 5, 1–17.

Thijssen, J.G.L, Van der Heijden, B. & Rocco, T.S. (2008). Toward the Employability-Link Model: Current Employment Transition to Future Employment Perspectives. Human Resource Development Review. 7(2), 165-183.

Tohidi, S. (2019). The Relationship between Self-Directed Learning and Motive of Progress and Learning Strategies in Students of Hamedan University of Medical Sciences. Journal of Medical Education, 18(1).

Tymon, A. (2013). Studies in Higher Education The student perspective on employability. Studies in Higher Education, 38(6), 841–856.

Veld, M., Semejin, J. & Van Vuuren, T. (2015). Enhancing Perceived Employability: An Interactionist Perspective on Responsibilities of Organizations and Employees. Personnel Review. 44(6), 866 – 882.

Wittekind, A., Raeder, S., & Grote, G. (2010). A longitudinal study of determinants of perceived employability. Journal of Organizational Behaviour, 31, 566–586.

Yusof, Nooriah, & Jamaluddin, Z. (2015). Graduate employability and preparedness : A case study of University of Malaysia Perlis (UNIMAP ), Malaysia. Malaysian Journal of Society and Space, 11(11), 129–143.

Zaliza, H, & Safarin, N. M (2014). Unemployment Among Malaysia Graduates:Graduates’ Attributes, Lecturers’ Competency and Quality of Education. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 112 (Iceepsy 2013), 1056–1063.
Published
2020-11-01
How to Cite
Gili, A. and Ambotang, A. S. (2020) “Pembelajaran Terarah Kendiri dan Pengaruhnya terhadap Tanggapan Kebolehgajian Diri Pelajar Vokasional di Sabah”, Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), 5(11), pp. 127 -140. doi: https://doi.org/10.47405/mjssh.v5i11.560.
Section
Articles