House Ownership among Middle-income Urban Society Revisited: Multi-dimensional Perspectives

  • Annuar Mohamed Development Planning and Management Programme, School of Social Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Nor Malina Malek Development Planning and Management Programme, School of Social Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
Keywords: house ownership, middle-income, multi-dimensional perspectives, Penang, urban society

Abstract

House is considered as basic needs for everyone besides food, clothing, educational and medication needs. Owning a desired house is part of life achievement that ensures prosperous and productive way of living towards the society’s well-being. The increasing population, rapid urbanization process and vast economic growth have contributed to the development of the housing sector in Malaysia. Numerous efforts were introduced by the government to ensure stability of housing ownerships within the society. However, not much attention was given to cater the housing needs of middle-income society especially in urban areas. This article revisits the house ownership issues faced by middle-income urban society based on challenges to own a house, impacts due to inability to own a house, and suggestions to increase the ability to own a house. A qualitative study using in-depth interview was conducted involving 15 informants selected among the middle-income society. Penang was chosen due to rapid economic growth, population, and urbanization rate. Data were analysed via content analysis method to discover the multi-dimensional themes. Study results indicated several multi-dimensional themes in terms of challenges, impacts and suggestions related to the issues such as economy, social, geography, physical, infrastructure and housing policies. This study main implication is to highlight the importance of multi-dimensional perspectives in solving the house ownership among middle-income urban society. It will contribute to the improvement of housing policies that fulfil the real needs of this group in owning a house for the well-being of the society.

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Published
2021-03-08
How to Cite
Mohamed, A. and Malek, N. M. (2021) “House Ownership among Middle-income Urban Society Revisited: Multi-dimensional Perspectives”, Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), 6(3), pp. 319 - 329. doi: https://doi.org/10.47405/mjssh.v6i3.691.
Section
Articles