Amalan Kepimpinan Instruksional Guru Besar dan Hubungannya dengan Tanggapan Sokongan Organisasi Guru-Guru Sekolah Jenis Kebangsaan Tamil

  • Anpalakan Vadiappan Pusat Pengajian Ilmu Pendidikan, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Al-Amin Mydin Pusat Pengajian Ilmu Pendidikan, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Abdul Jalil Ali Pusat Pengajian Ilmu Pendidikan, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
Keywords: Kepimpinan instruksional, tanggapan sokongan organisasi, Sekolah Jenis Kebangsaan Tamil

Abstract

Kewibawaan pemimpin dan sokongan organisasi merupakan faktor asas kecemerlangan sesebuah organisasi pendidikan. Oleh itu, kepimpinan instruksional dikaji di seluruh dunia dan semakin popular dalam dunia pendidikan. Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia (KPM) juga telah menyeru agar pemimpin sekolah untuk mengamalkan kepimpinan instruksional sebagai salah satu model dalam menerajui sekolah-sekolah di negara ini. Menyedari akan kepentingan ini, kajian ini dilaksanakan bertujuan untuk memahami amalan kepimpinan instruksional guru besar dan tanggapan sokongan organisasi di Sekolah Jenis Kebangsaan Tamil (SJKT). Kajian ini menggunakan reka bentuk tinjauan jenis kuantitatif yang menggunakan Principal Instructional Management Rating Scale (PIMRS) dan Survey of Perceived Organizational Support (SPOS) untuk mengumpul data. Seramai 210 orang guru terlatih yang berkhidmat di 19 buah SJKT di negeri Pulau Pinang telah mengambil bahagian dalam kajian ini. Data kajian dianalisis menggunakan perisian Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) versi 26. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan bahawa amalan kepimpinan guru besar dan tanggapan sokongan organisasi guru berada pada tahap tinggi. Ujian-t sampel bebas mendedahkan bahawa terdapat perbezaan dalam amalan kepimpinan instruksional guru besar berdasarkan jantina guru dan lokasi sekolah. Manakala, ujian ANOVA sehala pula tidak menunjukkan sebarang perbezaan berdasarkan umur guru. Seterusnya, tanggapan sokongan organisasi guru SJKT pula, menunjukkan wujud perbezaan skor min dalam jantina guru dan lokasi sekolah. Dapatan ujian korelasi Pearson turut mendedahkan bahawa tidak ada hubungan antara amalan kepimpinan instruksional guru besar dengan tanggapan sokongan organisasi guru-guru SJKT. Secara keseluruhannya, dapat disimpulkan bahawa amalan kepimpinan instruksional guru besar bukan faktor mutlak yang menentukan tanggapan sokongan organisasi guru-guru SJKT negeri Pulau Pinang. Faktor-faktor lain masih berpengaruh dalam menentukan tahap tanggapan sokongan organisasi guru-guru SJKT.

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Published
2021-04-08
How to Cite
Vadiappan, A., Mydin, A.-A. and Ali, A. J. (2021) “Amalan Kepimpinan Instruksional Guru Besar dan Hubungannya dengan Tanggapan Sokongan Organisasi Guru-Guru Sekolah Jenis Kebangsaan Tamil”, Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), 6(4), pp. 94 - 107. doi: https://doi.org/10.47405/mjssh.v6i4.740.
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Articles