Komunikasi dalam Adaptasi Antara Budaya Tenaga Kerja Indonesia di Malaysia

  • Melly Ridaryanthi Universitas Mercu Buana, Indonesia
Keywords: tenaga kerja Indonesia, komunikasi, interaksi, adaptasi antar budaya

Abstract

Kajian ini melihat pengalaman komunikasi dan adaptasi antara budaya Tenaga Kerja Indonesia (TKI) di Malaysia. Penghijrahan TKI ke Malaysia yang berlaku terus menerus penting untuk dikaji daripada sudut pandang ilmu komunikasi. Keberadaan TKI sebagai pendatang tidak dapat dielakkan dari terwujudnya interaksi dan komunikasi dalam kehidupan sehari-hari di negara tuan rumah. Untuk itu, kajian ini meneroka pengalaman komunikasi dan adaptasi TKI di negara destinasi dengan menjalankan kajian kualitatif dengan perbincangan kumpulan fokus dan temu bual mendalam untuk kajian lapangan. Didapati bahawa interaksi dan komunikasi TKI dalam penghijrahan wujud antara sesama TKI penghijrah, antara TKI dengan keluarga di tanah air, antara TKI dengan masyarakat tuan rumah dan komunikasi melalui penggunaan media. Diketahui bahawa pendedahan ke atas media massa memberikan kesan ke atas pembentukan persepsi, stereotaip dan bahkan prejudis dalam interaksi sehari-hari. Sebagai kesannya, masyarakat tuan rumah cenderung membangun interaksi dengan TKI pada permukaan sahaja. Kesan daripada pengalaman bekerja di luar negara dihuraikan sebagai gambaran bagaimana mereka melalui pengalaman penghijrahan mereka di rantau dalam proses adaptasi antara budayanya.

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Published
2021-04-08
How to Cite
Ridaryanthi, M. (2021) “Komunikasi dalam Adaptasi Antara Budaya Tenaga Kerja Indonesia di Malaysia”, Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), 6(4), pp. 21 - 36. doi: https://doi.org/10.47405/mjssh.v6i4.743.
Section
Articles