A Daughter Not a Son as Predictor of Reggio Emilia Early Childhood Development Acceptance: Paradigm Shift in Households of Rural Areas in Northern Nigeria

  • Ibrahim Abdullahi School of Arts and Social Sciences, Isa Kaita College of Education, Dutsinma, Katsina State, Nigeria
  • Zumilah Zainalaudin Faculty of Human Ecology, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Malaysia
  • Laily Hj. Paim Faculty of Human Ecology, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Malaysia
  • Mariani Mansoon Faculty of Human Ecology, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Malaysia
Keywords: daughters, sons, acceptance, children education, rural households


Having daughters, not sons to predict accepting education although for children may be controversial in a patriarchal society, whiles in the actual sense is merit. This is so, as society first, perceived daughter and son from traditional gender ideology instead of the human capital view. Patriarchal society feels guilty when daughters turn out as determined, assertive, and competent than sons. This paper explores predictors of Reggio Emilia Early Childhood development (REA-ECD) acceptance, as a paradigm shift to educating daughters and sons equally in rural households basis for gender development. A paradigm shift is a changing thought from a traditional belief to a reality of life in society. The paper draws analysis on collected data from 216 households in Binary Logistic Regression (BLR). It identified daughters as a predictor of high REA-ECD acceptance in rural northern Nigeria. The paper constructed a household background Models with the conclusion that breakthrough may be through curtailing traditional gender-based stratification as daughters instead of sons predicted RAE-ECD acceptance. Therefore, the patriarchal system may erode through gender development education, and future mothers might have increased in human capital quality. This may be easier with the provision of policies, studies, and indigenous knowledge and skills improvement.

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How to Cite
Abdullahi, I., Zainalaudin, Z., Paim, L. and Mansoon, M. (2021) “A Daughter Not a Son as Predictor of Reggio Emilia Early Childhood Development Acceptance: Paradigm Shift in Households of Rural Areas in Northern Nigeria”, Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), 6(4), pp. 212 - 226. doi: https://doi.org/10.47405/mjssh.v6i4.758.