Elemen Membuat Rasionalisasi Menggunakan Sumber Sejarah

  • Siti Kisni Kisson Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
Keywords: kemahiran pemikiran sejarah, elemen membuat rasionalisasi, sumber sejarah, kontekstualisasi, pengesahan bukti

Abstract

Kajian ini meneroka pembinaan Kemahiran Pemikiran Sejarah (KPS) untuk elemen membuat rasionalisasi dengan menggunakan sumber sejarah. Model pemikiran sejarah yang mengetengahkan proses kontekstualisasi dan pengesahan bukti diintegrasikan dengan sumber sejarah dalam bentuk teks. Tiga sumber sejarah berkaitan dengan tajuk perjuangan Mat Salleh menentang pendudukan British di Sabah pada abad ke-19 telah digunakan. Kajian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan reka bentuk kajian kes kolektif. Empat belas pelajar dari dua buah sekolah menengah kebangsaan harian di Sabah, menjadi sampel kajian. Kaedah pengumpulan data kualitatif adalah melalui kaedah pemerhatian, temu bual kumpulan berfokus dan analisis dokumen. Didapati majoriti daripada 14 pelajar dapat membina elemen membuat rasionalisasi. Elemen membuat rasionalisasi dapat memberikan gambaran perbandingan kehidupan masyarakat dahulu dan masa kini. Dapatan lain menunjukkan para pelajar boleh meneroka persamaan kehidupan masyarakat dahulu dan masa kini; meneroka perbezaan dalam kehidupan masyarakat dahulu dan kini; serta menganalisis punca-punca penentangan Mat Salleh. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan pembelajaran menggunakan sumber sejarah dapat membantu para pelajar membina KPS dengan elemen membuat rasionalisasi.

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Published
2021-04-08
How to Cite
Kisson, S. K. (2021) “Elemen Membuat Rasionalisasi Menggunakan Sumber Sejarah”, Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), 6(4), pp. 50 - 57. doi: https://doi.org/10.47405/mjssh.v6i4.770.
Section
Articles