Comparison and Contrast between Bourdieu’s Theory of Practice and Shamsul’s Two Social Reality Approach in the Portrayal of Identity

  • Sharon Regina Vega School of Social Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Sivamurugan Pandian School of Social Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Nur Hafeeza Ahmad Pazil School of Social Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
Keywords: theory of practice, two social reality, structure, identity


This paper analyses Bourdieu’s Theory of Practice, the concept field and habitus and Shamsul Amri’s Two Social Reality, the concept everyday- defined and authority-defined as both theories that function as analytical tools and have similar narratives based on the macro/micro and structure/agency linkage. A comparison and contrast of both theories were analysed to further understand the use of each theory. Findings within the article show both theories have a structural or authoritative emphasis however the theories differ in functionality with Bourdieu’s “Theory of Practice” focusing on power dynamics and social class through direct link between the habitus, field and capital whereas Shamsul’s Two Social Reality focuses on the formation of identity and ethnic dynamics in Malaysia based on the effect of colonialism in the authority-defined and everyday-defined sphere. The main goal of this paper serves to highlight both theories and its application when analysing and tackling different social phenomena and narratives in future research.

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How to Cite
Vega, S., Pandian, S. and Ahmad Pazil, N. H. (2021) “Comparison and Contrast between Bourdieu’s Theory of Practice and Shamsul’s Two Social Reality Approach in the Portrayal of Identity”, Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), 6(7), pp. 293 - 304. doi: