Kajian Analisis Keperluan: Pembangunan Modul Pembelajaran Literasi Tenaga Pengintegrasian STEM Sekolah Rendah

  • Yusmail Jusup Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
  • Sabariah Sharif Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
Keywords: analisis keperluan, pembangunan modul, literasi tenaga, pengintegrasian STEM

Abstract

Kajian analisis keperluan dilaksanakan bertujuan untuk melihat isu dan permasalahan topik tenaga dan elektrik murid sekolah rendah di daerah Kota Kinabalu yang membawa kepada perlunya pembangunan modul literasi tenaga pengintegrasian STEM. Kajian ini dilaksanakan secara kualitatif dan kuantitatif. Kajian kualitatif yang menggunakan persampelan bertujuan melibatkan tiga orang guru dan empat orang murid menggunakan kaedah temu bual separa struktur manakala kajian kuantitatif melibatkan 100 orang murid responden menggunakan borang soal selidik keperluan murid. Hasil kajian kualitatif diperolehi berdasarkan kepada ciri keperluan yang dinyatakan oleh Morrison et. al iaitu i) keperluan sedia ada murid dan guru, dan ii) keperluan perasaan murid dan guru. Keperluan sedia ada murid dan guru dilihat melalui topik yang sukar diajar dan dipelajari, pengalaman pembelajaran murid, amalan pengajaran guru dan masalah yang dihadapi guru semasa mengajar topik tersebut. Keperluan perasaan iaitu keperluan untuk memperbaiki prestasi diri pula dilihat melalui keperluan yang diharapkan oleh murid semasa topik ini diajar dan keperluan guru dalam pengajaran topik ini. Kajian kuantitatif mempunyai 13 item soal selidik yang dianalisis secara deskriptif melalui skor peratus terdiri daripada lima kriteria iaitu tahap pengetahuan tenaga, amalan penggunaan tenaga, sikap terhadap tenaga, pengalaman pembelajaran dan keperluan strategi pembelajaran yang diharapkan. Dapatan daripada semua item dalam soal selidik menunjukkan peratus yang tinggi terhadap keperluan pembangunan modul untuk topik pembelajaran Tenaga dan Elektrik. Kesimpulannya, isu dan jurang permasalahan yang wujud membawa kepada perlunya pembangunan modul literasi tenaga dalam kalangan murid sekolah rendah di daerah ini agar literasi tenaga yang merangkumi aspek pengetahuan, sikap dan tingkah laku murid terhadap tenaga dapat ditingkatkan.

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Published
2021-08-10
How to Cite
Jusup, Y. and Sharif, S. (2021) “Kajian Analisis Keperluan: Pembangunan Modul Pembelajaran Literasi Tenaga Pengintegrasian STEM Sekolah Rendah”, Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), 6(8), pp. 325 - 338. doi: https://doi.org/10.47405/mjssh.v6i8.934.
Section
Articles