Parental Attitude and Parental Intervention Strategies on Digital Media Usage Among Young Children

  • Ka Vian Tan Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences and Liberal Arts, UCSI University Kuala Lumpur
  • Zhooriyati S. M. Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences and Liberal Arts, UCSI University Kuala Lumpur
Keywords: Media activities, media contents, parental attitude, parental intervention strategies, young children’s digital media experience

Abstract

Technology-focused parenting has evolved to provide a constantly updated digital experience for the new digital populations while parents mitigate the risks of digital media exposure in this modern society. This study explores parental attitude on the impact of digital media and their respective parental intervention strategies. There were five parents recruited through purposive sampling technique and they participated in in-depth interview. Parents generally hold positive attitude towards digital media. They apply different parental strategies for children’s media activities and its contents. This study addressed relationships pertinent to current parental strategies, media and child’s factors. Considerable possibilities and patterns to nurture young children with digital media has been elucidated through uncovering parents’ perspectives and challenges.

Statistics
Abstract views: 17 , PDF downloads: 28

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Bartau Rojas, I., Aierbe Barandiaran, A., & Oregui González, E. (2018). Parental mediation of the internet use of primary students: beliefs, strategies and difficulties. Comunicar: Media Education Research Journal, 54(26), 71-79. doi: 10.3916/C54-2018-07

Chiong, C., & Shuler, C. (2010). Learning: Is there an app for that. Investigations of young children’s usage and learning with mobile devices and apps. New York: The Joan Ganz Cooney Center at Sesame Workshop.

Clark, L. S. (2011). Parental mediation theory for the digital age. Communication Theory, 21(4), 323-343.

Connell, S. L., Lauricella, A. R., & Wartella, E. (2015). Parental co-use of media technology with their young children in the USA. Journal of Children and Media, 9(1), 5-21.

Fujiko, Y., & Austin, E. W. (2002). The relationship of family communication patterns to parental mediation styles. Communication Research, 29, 642–665. doi:10.1177/009365002237830

Grusec, J. E., & Davidov, M. (2007). Socialization in the family: The roles of parents. In J. E. Grusec & P. D. Hastings (Eds.), Handbook of socialization: Theory and research (pp. 284-308). Guilford Press.

Holloway, S. L., & Valentine, G. (2003). Cyberkids: Children in the information age. London: RoutledgeFalmer.

International Telecommunication Union. (2013). Measuring the information society. Retrieved from https://www.itu.int/en/ITUD/Statistics/Documents/publications/mis2013/MIS2013_without_Annex_4.pdf

Kabali, H. K., Irigoyen, M. M., Nunez-Davis, R., Budacki, J. G., Mohanty, S. H., Leister, K. P., & Bonner, R. L. (2015). Exposure and use of mobile media devices by young children. Pediatrics, 136(6), 1044-1050.

Laible, D., Thompson, R. A., & Froimson, J. (2007). Early socialization: The influence of close relationships. In J. E. Grusec & P. D. Hastings (Eds.), Handbook of socialization: Theory and research (pp. 35-59). Guilford Press.

Ling, R., & Helmersen, P. (2000, January). “It must be necessary, it has to cover a need”: the adoption of mobile telephony among pre-adolescents and adolescents. Paper presented at the conference on the social consequences of mobile telephone. Retrieved from

https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Rich_Ling/publication/259257260_It_Must_Be_Necessary_It_Has_to_Cover_a_Need_The_Adoption_of_Mobile_Telephony_Among_Pre-Adolescents_and_Adolescents/links/560773c108aeb5718ff7d38c/It-Must-Be-Necessary-It-Has-to-Cover-a-Need-The-Adoption-of-Mobile-Telephony-Among-Pre-Adolescents-and-Adolescents.pdf

Livingstone, S., Haddon, L., Gorzig, A., & Olafsson, K. (2011). Risks and safety on the internet: the perspective of European children: full findings and policy implications from the EU Kids Online survey of 9-16 year olds and their parents in 25 countries. Retrieved from http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/33731/1/Risks%20and%20safety%20on%20the%20internet(lsero).pdf

Livingstone, S., & Helsper, E. J. (2008). Parental mediation of children’s internet use. Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media, 52(4), 581–599.

Livingstone, S., Marsh, J., Plowman, L., Ottovordemgentschenfelde, S., & Fletcher-Watson, B. (2014). Young children (0-8) and digital technology: a qualitative exploratory study-national report-UK. Retrieved from http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/60799/1/__lse.ac.uk_storage_LIBRARY_Secondary_libfile_shared_repository_Content_Livingstone,%20S_Young%20children%200-8_Livingstone_Young%20children%200-8_2015.pdf

Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission (2016). Internet users survey 2016. Retrieved from https://www.mcmc.gov.my/skmmgovmy/media/General/pdf/IUS2016.pdf

Nikken, P., & Jansz, J. (2006). Parental mediation of children’s videogame playing: a comparison of the reports by parents and children. Learning Media and Technology, 31, 181-202. doi: 10.1080/17439880600756803.

Nikken, P., & Jansz, J. (2014). Developing scales to measure parental mediation of young children's internet use. Learning, Media and Technology, 39(2), 250-266.

Nikken, P., & Schols, M. (2015). How and why parents guide the media use of young

children. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 24(11), 3423-3435.

Shin, W. (2015). Parental socialization of children’s internet use: a qualitative approach. New Media & Society, 17(5), 649-665.

Shin, W., & Li, B. (2017). Parental mediation of children’s digital technology use in Singapore. Journal of Children and Media, 11(1), 1-19.

Valkenburg, P. M., Krcmar, M., Peeters, A. L., & Marseille, N. M. (1999). Developing a scale to assess three styles of television mediation: instructive mediation, restrictive mediation, and social coviewing. Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media, 43(1), 52–67.

Warren, R., Gerke, P., & Kelly, M. A. (2002). Is there enough time on the clock? Parental involvement and mediation of children’s television viewing. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 46, 87-111. doi: 10.1207/s15506878jobem4601_6

Williams, S., & Williams, L. (2005). Space invaders: the negotiation of teenage boundaries through the mobile phone. The Sociological Review, 53, 314–331.
Published
2021-09-10
How to Cite
Tan, K. V. and S. M., Z. (2021) “Parental Attitude and Parental Intervention Strategies on Digital Media Usage Among Young Children”, Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), 6(9), pp. 419 - 429. doi: https://doi.org/10.47405/mjssh.v6i9.990.
Section
Articles