Hubungan antara Kepuasan Kerja dan Kesihatan Psikologi dalam kalangan Pekerja Wanita di Kementerian Belia dan Sukan, Putrajaya

  • Nur Syahirah Rosli Fakulti Pendidikan, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
  • Norlena Salamuddin Fakulti Pendidikan, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
Keywords: kepuasan kerja, kesihatan psikologi, pekerja wanita

Abstract

Kajian ini dijalankan bertujuan untuk mengkaji hubungan antara kepuasan kerja dan kesihatan psikologi dalam kalangan pekerja wanita di Kementerian Belia dan Sukan (KBS), Putrajaya. Borang soal selidik Job Satisfaction Survey (Spector, P. E. 1997) diguna pakai untuk mengukur lima faktor kepuasan kerja, iaitu gaji, penyeliaan, suasana pekerjaan, rakan sekerja dan kenaikan pangkat. Manakala General Health Question (Goldberg and Hillier, 1979) diguna pakai untuk mengukur tiga dimensi kesihatan psikologi, iaitu kegelisahan dan insomnia, disfungsi sosial dan kemurungan. Seramai 175 pekerja wanita di KBS terlibat dalam kajian ini. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan terdapat hubungan yang negatif antara kepuasan kerja dan kesihatan psikologi. Hasil penyelidikan ini dapat disimpulkan bahawa kepuasan kerja dan kesihatan psikologi adalah penyebab penting kepada kesihatan pekerja. Apabila pekerja berasa gembira dengan kerja mereka, mereka menjadi lebih produktif dan cenderung untuk menjadi lebih sihat. Apabila pekerja merasa tertekan dengan bebanan kerja, dan secara tidak langsung boleh mempengaruhi kesihatan mereka. Cadangan kajian adalah agar lebih banyak kajian yang dibuat dengan lebih luas dan terbuka dan pemboleh ubah lain yang mempunyai kesan terhadap kepuasan kerja dan kesihatan psikologi pekerja juga diambil kira. Sebagai contoh, hubungan antara kepuasan kerja dan kesihatan psikologi di kalangan pekerja wanita perlu dibandingkan pada kedua-dua sektor iaitu sektor kerajaan dan swasta untuk melihat perbezaan faktor kepuasan kerja dan juga faktor kesihatan psikologi dalam kalangan pekerja wanita di Malaysia yang mungkin dipengaruhi oleh faktor lain.

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Published
2021-04-08
How to Cite
Rosli, N. S. and Salamuddin, N. (2021) “Hubungan antara Kepuasan Kerja dan Kesihatan Psikologi dalam kalangan Pekerja Wanita di Kementerian Belia dan Sukan, Putrajaya”, Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), 6(4), pp. 126 - 135. doi: https://doi.org/10.47405/mjssh.v6i4.771.
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Articles