Keabsahan dan Kebolehpercayaan Instrumen Psikometrik Ujian Tingkah Laku Hasrat Bunuh Diri

  • Norshahira O Fakulti Sains Sosial Gunaan, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UNISZA)
  • Norashida S. R Fakulti Sains Sosial Gunaan, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UNISZA)
  • Lukman Z. M Fakulti Sains Sosial Gunaan, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UNISZA)
Keywords: SIBA, bunuh diri, instrumen, keabsahan dan kebolehpercayaan


Instrumen Ujian Tingkah Laku Hasrat Bunuh Diri (SIBA) dihasilkan untuk mengukur tahap tingkah laku hasrat bunuh diri dalam kalangan penagih di Malaysia bagi membantu mereka dan kerajaan mengurangkan kes bunuh diri di negara ini. Kajian ini bertujuan menghasilkan bukti empirikal mengenai keabsahan dan kebolehpercayaan instrumen SIBA dengan menggunakan model pembinaan instrumen daripada Miller et al. (2013), yang telah diubahsuai. Pembinaan instrumen itu dibuat berdasarkan satu kerangka konseptual yang dibentuk secara hipotetikal dan hasil kajian pengkaji-pengkaji terdahulu yang telah membuat penelitian secara mendalam tentang hubungan penagihan dadah dengan tingkah laku hasrat bunuh diri. Instrumen ini mengandungi empat komponen iaitu konflik interpersonal, kecelaruan emosi, kemurungan, dan putus harapan. Setiap komponen SIBA mengandungi 10 item dan jumlah keseluruhannya ialah 40 item. Analisis Faktor Eksploratori (Exploratory Factor Analysis – EFA) digunakan untuk menentukan keabsahan dan kebolehpercayaan setiap item dalam komponen-komponen tersebut. Dalam hal ini, seramai 123 penagih yang dirawat di Cure & Care Rehabilitation Centre (CCRC) Besut, Terengganu dipilih sebagai responden kajian untuk pengujian instrumen ini. Kajian ini mendapati bahawa muatan faktor untuk setiap item adalah dalam julat 0.45 hingga 0.87 dan nilai kebolehpercayaan (alpha) pula adalah dalam julat 0.83-0.90. Dapatan kajian ini jelas menunjukkan instrumen ini mempunyai keabsahan dan kebolehpercayaan yang tinggi dan boleh diguna pakai dalam mengukur tahap tingkah laku hasrat bunuh diri dalam kalangan penagih dadah di CCRC, Besut. Secara keseluruhannya, analisis keabsahan dan kebolehpercayaan ini adalah penting bagi memastikan penghasilan instrumen SIBA ini boleh diguna pakai untuk mengukur tahap tingkah laku hasrat bunuh diri dalam kalangan penagih dadah yang berkualiti dan bermakna.

Abstract views: 31 , PDF downloads: 28


Download data is not yet available.


Alloy, L. B., Black, S. K., Young, M. E., Goldstein, K. E., Shapero, B. G., Stange, J. P., Abramson, L. Y. (2012). Cognitive Vulnerabilities and Depression Versus Other Psychopathology Symptoms and Diagnoses In Early Adolescence. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 41: 539–560.

Bao, Y. , Zhu, F. , Hu, Y. and Cui, N. (2016). The Research Of Interpersonal Conflict And Solution Strategies. Psychology, 7: 541-545.

Bilsen, J. (2018). Public Mental Health. Suicide and Youth: Risk factors. Front.Journal of Psychiatry, 9: 540.

Buchman-Schmitt, J. M., Chu, C., Michaels, M. S., Hames, J. L., Silva, C., Hagan, C. R. (2017). The Role of Stressful Life Events Preceding Death by Suicide: Evidence From Two Samples of Suicide Decedents. Psychiatry Research, (256): 345-52.

Boduszek, D., & Dhingra, K. (2016). Construct Validity Of The Beck Hopelessness Scale (Bhs) Among University Students: A Multitrait–Multimethod Approach. Psychological Assessment, 28(10): 1325- 1330.

Bond, T. G., & Fox, C. M. (2015). Applying The Rasch Model Fundamental Measurement In The Human Sciences. (Routledge & T. & T. & F. Group, Eds.) (Third Edit). New York & London.

Brent, D. A. (1995). Risk Factors For Adolescent Suicide And Suicidal Behavior: Mental and Substance Abuse Disorders, Family Environmental Factors, and Life Stress. Suicide Life Threat Behavior, 25: 52–63.

Briere, F. N., Fallu, J-S., Janosz, M. & Pagani, L. S. (2012). Prospective Associations Between Meth/Amphetamine (Speed) and MDMA (Ecstasy) Use and Depressive Symptoms In Secondary School Students. Journal Epidemiol Community Health, 66(11): 990–4.

Conner, K., Bagge, C., Goldston, D., & IIgen, M. (2014). Alcohol And Suicidal Behavior: What Is Known And What Can Be Done. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 4: 204-208.

Creswell, J. W., & Plano Clark, V. L. (2011). Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

David, N., Miller & Tanya, L., Eckert. (2009). Youth suicidal behavior: An introduction and overview. School Psychology Review, 38:153-167.

Dragisic, T., Dickov, A., Dickov, V., & Mijatovic, V. (2015). Drug addiction as risk for suicide attempts. Materia Socio-Medica, 27(3): 188–191.

Evren, C., Cinar, O., Evren, B & Celik, S. (2011). History of suicide attempt in male substance-dependent inpatients and relationship to borderline personality features, anger, hostility and aggression. Psychiatry Research, 190(1): 126-31.

Fraenkel, J.R., &Wallen, N. E. (2009). How to design and happiness. Journal of Contemporary Religion, 12(1): 81-86.

Fraenkel, R. J., & Wallen, N. E. (2006). How to Design And Evaluate Research In Education. 6th Ed. McGraw-Hill: Boston.

Inman, D., van Bakergem, K., LaRosa, A., & Carr, D. (2011). Evidence-based health promotion programs for school and communities. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 40, 207-219.

Jenny, M. Y. H., Brian Y.T., Samuel, M.Y., Paul, S. F. (2015). Hope and Hopelenessnes: The role of hope in buffering the impact of hopelessness on suicidal ideation. Journal of Plos One, 10 (6).

Kaiser, H. (1974). An index of factorial simplicity. Psychometrika, 39: 31-6.

Gallagher, M. L., & Miller A. B. (2018). Suicidal thoughts and behavior in children and adolescents: an ecological model of resilience. Journal of Adolescent Research, 3: 123–154.

Ghaffari, J., Mohammadzadeh, I., Khalilian, A., Rafatpanah, H., Mohammadjafari, H., & Davoudi, A. (2012). Prevalence of asthma, allergic rhinitis and eczema in elementary schools in Sari (Iran). Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine, 3(1), 372–376.

Global Burden of Disease Collaborative Network. (2018). Global Burden of Disease Study 2017 (GBD 2017) Results. Seattle. United States: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME).

Hair, J. F., Anderson, R. E., Babin, B. J. & Black, W. C. (2010). Multivariate Data Analysis: A global Perspective (Volume 7). England: Pearson.

Jager-Hyman, S., Cunningham, A., Wenzel, A., Mattei, S., Brown, G. K., & Beck, A. T. (2014). Cognitive distortions and suicide attempts. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 38(4): 369–374.

Lam, W.M. (2014). In their own words: Perceived experiences and family functioning of suicide survivors before and after suicide loss. PCOM Psychology Dissertations. Paper 308.

Lima, D. D., Azevedo, R. C. S., Gaspar, K. C.., Silva, V. F., Mauro, M. .L. .F., & Botega, N. J. (2010). Suicide attempt amongst patients with alcohol misuse admitted to a general hospital. Brazillian Journal of Psychiatry, 59(3): 167-172.

Lliceto, E., & Fino, E. (2015). Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS). A Second-Order Confi rmatory Factor Analysis. European. Journal of Psychological Assessment, 31(1): 31-37.

Miller. A.L., Mcintre, A.S., & Lovler, L.R. (2013). Foundations of Psychological Testing: Practical Approach (4th Ed.). California: SAGE Publications.

National Survey of Drug Use and Health. (2018). The NSDUH Report: Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviours Among Adults. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.

Oquendo, M. A., & Baca-Garcia, E. (2014). Suicidal behavior disorder as a diagnostic entity in the DSM-5 classification system: Advantages outweigh limitations. MWorld Psychiatry, 3(2): 128-130.

Pallant. (2010). SPSS Survival Manual A Step by Step Guide to Data Analysis using SPSS for Windows ,4rd Edition, Crows West: New South Wales.

Pedrelli, P., Iovieno, N., Vitali, M., Tedeschini, E., Bentley, K. H., & Papakostas, G., I. (2011). Treatment of major depressive disorder and dysthymic disorder with antidepressants in patients with comorbid opiate use disorders enrolled in methadone maintenance therapy: A meta-analysis. Jounal of Clin Psychopharmacol, 31(5): 582-6.

Quilty, L. C., Mainland, B. J., McBride, C., & Bagby, R. M. (2013). Interpersonal problems and impacts: Further evidence for the role of interpersonal functioning in treatment outcome in major depressive disorder”. Journal of Affective Disorders, 50: 393-400.

Sawaya, H., Johnson, K., Schmidt, M., Arana, A., Chahine, G. & Atoui M. (2015). Resting-state functional connectivity of antero-medial prefrontal cortex sub-regions in major depression and relationship to emotional intelligence. International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology, 18: 1–9.

Schutte, N. S., Malouff, J. M., Thorsteinsson, N. B. & Rooke S. E. (2007). A meta-analytic investigation of the relationship between emotional intelligence and health. Personality and Individual Differences, 42: 921–933.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2015). NSDUH Data Review. Suicidal Thoughts and Behavior Among Adults: Results from the 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health.

Taylor & Jacqueline. (2018) Illegal Drug Use, Suicidal Ideation, and Attempted Suicide Among New York Adolescents. Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies, 5663.

Ugwuoke, A. C. (2016). Precipitants of suicide among secondary school students in Nigeria. Bassery Andah Journal, 9: 147-156.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODOC). (2014). World Drug Report. Viena: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.

Van Orden, K. A., Witte, T. K., Cukrowicz, K. C., Braithwaite, S. R., Selby, E. A., & Joiner, T. E. (2010). The interpersonal theory of suicide. Psychological Review, 117: 575-600.

Wong, S.S., Zhou, B., Goebert, D., Hishinuma, E.S., (2013). The risk of adolescent suicide across patterns of drug use: a nationally representative study of high school students in the United States from 1999 to 2009. Soc. Psychiatry Psychiatr. Epidemiol. 48: 1611–1620.

World Health Organization. (2017). Global Health Observatory. Retrieved from http://www.who. int/gho/mental_health/suicide_rates/en

World Health Organization. (2019). Thirteenth General Programme of Work, 2019–2023: Promote Health Keep The World Safe Serve The Vulnerable. Geneva: WHO.

Youssef, Ismail & Haggag, Wafaal & Mohamed, Khaleda & Baalash, Amany. (2016). “Dual diagnosis and suicide probability in poly-drug user”. Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons-Pakistan JCPSP, 26: 130-133.
How to Cite
O, N., S. R, N. and Z. M, L. (2021) “Keabsahan dan Kebolehpercayaan Instrumen Psikometrik Ujian Tingkah Laku Hasrat Bunuh Diri”, Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), 6(9), pp. 117 - 128. doi: