Information, Motivation and Behavioural Factors in Influencing Diabetes Self-Care: A Conceptual Paper

  • Albeny Joslyn Panting Institute for Health Behavioural Research, National Institute of Health, Ministry of Health, Malaysia
  • Tengku Puteri Nadiah Tengku Baharudin Shah Institute for Health Behavioural Research, National Institute of Health, Ministry of Health, Malaysia
  • Nurul Nadhirah Nasir Institute for Health Behavioural Research, National Institute of Health, Ministry of Health, Malaysia
  • Nur Izzati Mohammed Nadzri Institute for Health Behavioural Research, National Institute of Health, Ministry of Health, Malaysia
  • Nadia Amirudin Institute for Health Behavioural Research, National Institute of Health, Ministry of Health, Malaysia
  • Norbaidurah Ithnain Institute for Health Behavioural Research, National Institute of Health, Ministry of Health, Malaysia
  • Saiful Adli Suhaimi Institute for Health Behavioural Research, National Institute of Health, Ministry of Health, Malaysia
  • Rosnani Kassim Institute for Health Behavioural Research, National Institute of Health, Ministry of Health, Malaysia
  • Manimaran Krishnan Institute for Health Behavioural Research, National Institute of Health, Ministry of Health, Malaysia
Keywords: diabetes self-care, information, motivation, behavioural, type 2 diabetes mellitus


Globally, diabetes is a major public health concern and has impacted an estimated 425 million adults.  The increasing trend of diabetes incidence has impacted the Malaysian population and healthcare system. Evidence from studies suggested that diabetes can be treated and controlled through behavioural intervention. These include combining lifestyle with pharmacotherapy. Scholars in health behaviour highlighted the importance of assessing and monitoring the behavioural intervention among diabetic patients in terms of psychosocial aspects, such as information, motivation and behavioural factors, in relations with diabetes self-care. This article provides an overview of the empirical evidence regarding the importance of identifying information, motivation and behavioural factors, in relations with diabetes self-care. Information is among the prominent factors in establishing good diabetes management. Motivation can be conceptually defined as factors that predispose one to action and cues to behaviour change. Behavioural factors identified in this review includes compliance towards diabetes self-care. The outcome of this review could provide a better understanding of information, motivation and behavioural factors, and its relations with diabetes self-care.

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How to Cite
Panting, A., Tengku Baharudin Shah, T. P. N., Nasir, N. N., Mohammed Nadzri, N. I., Amirudin, N., Ithnain, N., Suhaimi, S. A., Kassim, R. and Krishnan, M. (2020) “Information, Motivation and Behavioural Factors in Influencing Diabetes Self-Care: A Conceptual Paper”, Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), 5(8), pp. 39 - 47. Available at: (Accessed: 5August2020).