Tahap Budaya Keusahawanan dan Kepimpinan Keusahawanan serta Hubungannya dengan Minda Keusahawanan Anak-Anak Golongan Asnaf

  • Muhammad Syafiq Zakaria Fakulti Pendidikan, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
  • Sheerad Sahid Fakulti Pendidikan, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
  • Norasmah Othman Fakulti Pendidikan, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
Keywords: keusahawanan asnaf, budaya keusahawanan, kepimpinan keusahawanan, minda keusahawanan

Abstract

Kebanyakan negara membangun masih lagi mempunyai kadar kemiskinan yang tinggi dan menjadi salah satu punca kepada masalah tingkah laku, jenayah, kekacauan keluarga dan kegagalan akademik. Untuk memastikan pembangunan sesebuah negara berjalan dengan lancar, perkara berkait dengan kemiskinan perlu diberi perhatian serius. Dalam konteks Malaysia, kerajaan telah melakukan pelbagai usaha dalam menangani kemiskinan terutamanya bagi golongan Asnaf iaitu dengan mewujudkan Program Keusahawanan Asnaf oleh Lembaga Zakat Negeri. Tujuan kajian ini dijalankan adalah bagi mengenal pasti tahap budaya keusahawanan dan kepimpinan keusahawanan serta hubungannya dengan minda keusahawanan bagi anak-anak golongan Asnaf di negeri Selangor. Reka bentuk tinjauan dan kaedah persampelan rawak telah digunakan. 350 sampel anak-anak golongan Asnaf di semua daerah negeri Selangor telah mengambil bahagian. Borang soal selidik adalah sebagai instrumen kajian. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahawa tahap budaya keusahawanan, kepimpinan keusahawanan serta tahap minda keusahawanan adalah tinggi. Manakala, terdapat korelasi yang positif dan signifikan antara budaya keusahawanan dan kepimpinan keusahawanan terhadap minda keusahawanan anak-anak golongan Asnaf di negeri Selagor. Maka, anak-anak golongan Asnaf ini mempunyai efikasi yang tinggi untuk menjadi seorang usahawan. Implikasi daripada kajian ini membantu Lembaga Zakat Negeri dalam memilih peserta yang benar-benar layak iaitu mereka yang mempunyai tahap budaya keusahawanan, kepimpinan keusahawanan serta minda keusahawanan yang tinggi bagi menyertai Program Keusahawanan Asnaf pada masa akan datang.

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Published
2021-03-08
How to Cite
Zakaria, M., Sahid, S. and Othman, N. (2021) “Tahap Budaya Keusahawanan dan Kepimpinan Keusahawanan serta Hubungannya dengan Minda Keusahawanan Anak-Anak Golongan Asnaf”, Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), 6(3), pp. 104 - 119. doi: https://doi.org/10.47405/mjssh.v6i3.697.
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Articles