Konsep Kawalan Kendiri dan Kualiti Kehidupan bagi Mencegah Relaps Ketagihan Dadah dalam kalangan Tahanan

  • Abdul Rashid Abdul Aziz Fakulti Kepimpinan dan Pengurusan, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM)
  • Mohd Yusri Mohd Yusof Fakulti Kepimpinan dan Pengurusan, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM)
  • Mohd Isa Amat Fakulti Kepimpinan dan Pengurusan, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM)
  • Muhd Nubli Abdul Wahab Pusat Sains Kemanusiaan, Universiti Malaysia Pahang (UMP)
Keywords: kawalan kendiri, kualiti hidup, penagihan dadah, relaps, penagihan semula

Abstract

Statistik penagihan dadah dilihat amat membimbangkan kerana terdapat peningkatan jumlah penagih dadah yang begitu ketara dari tahun ke tahun. Situasi ini tambah parah apabila berlakunya penagihan semula atau relaps di mana penagih menggunakan semula dadah selepas selesai menjalani program rawatan dan pemulihan sama ada di institusi atau komuniti. Terdapat pelbagai faktor yang mempengaruhi bekas penagih untuk relaps. Justeru, kajian ini adalah bertujuan untuk meninjau konsep kawalan kendiri dan kualiti kehidupan dalam mencegah relaps ketagihan dadah dalam kalangan tahanan di Pusat Pemulihan. Maklumat yang diketengahkan adalah berdasarkan kajian perpustakaan melalui kaedah analisis kandungan. Konsep kawalan kendiri telah diadun bersama teori Quality of Life (QoL) melalui aplikasi Model CASIO bagi merungkai permasalahan yang wujud ini. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan terdapat 4 elemen dalam pencegahan relaps berdasarkan konsep kawalan kendiri iaitu sokongan sosial, motivasi diri, regulasi kendiri dan peneguhan spiritual. Manakala terdapat lima strategi dalam kualiti hidup yang dapat menghindarkan daripada berlakunya relaps iaitu keadaan hidup, sikap penagih, standard kehidupan, kepentingan dalam kehidupan dan kepuasan hidup secara keseluruhan. Di Malaysia, kajian berkaitan kaedah pencegahan relaps melalui konsep kawalan kendiri dan kualiti hidup masih terhad dan minima. Oleh itu, kajian ini dapat menjadi satu platform dan sumber rujukan baru khususnya kepada pusat-pusat pemulihan dadah di negara ini bagi memastikan masalah relaps ini dapat diatasi dan dikurangkan.

Statistics
Abstract views: 228 , PDF downloads: 183

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Aaker, D. A., Kumar, V., & Day, G. S. (2008). Marketing research. John Wiley & Sons.

Abolghasemi, A., & Rajabi, S. (2013). The Role of Self-regulation and Affective Control in

Predicting Interpersonal Reactivity of Drug Addicts. International journal of high risk behaviors & addiction, 2(1), 28–33. https://doi.org/10.5812/ijhrba.9919

Akta 283. Akta Penagih Dadah: Rawatan dan Pemulihan. (1983). https://www.adk.gov.my/wp-content/uploads/Akta-283-Akta-Penagih-Dadah-Rawatan-dan-Pemulihan-1983.pdf

Allahverdipour, H., Hidarnia, A., Kazamnegad, A., Shafii, F., Fallah, P. A., & Emami, A.

(2006). The status of self-control and its relation to drug abuse–related behaviors among Iranian male high school students. Social Behavior and Personality: An International Journal, 34(4), 413-424.

Arksey H, O’Malley L. Scoping studies: towards a methodological framework. Int J Soc Res Methodol, 8(1), 19–32.

Ashford, R., Brandon, B., John, K., & Brenda, C., (2019). Systematic review: Digital recovery support services used to support substance use disorder recovery. Journal of Human Behavior and Emerging Technologies, 2(1), 18-32. DOI: 10.1002/hbe2.148.

Baumeister, R. F., & Heatherton, T. F. (1996). Self-regulation failure: An over overview. Psychological inquiry, 7(1), 1-15.

Berg, B.L. (2001). Qualitative research, message for the social sciences. 4th Edition, Allin and

Bacon, Boston, 15-35. https://mthoyibi.files.wordpress.com/2011/05/qualitative-research-methods-for-the-social-sciences__bruce-l-berg-2001.pdf

Bliuc, A. M., Doan, T. N., & Best, D. (2019). Sober social networks: The role of online support groups in recovery from alcohol addiction. Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, 29(2), 121-132.

Brulde, Bengt. (2007). Happiness theories of the good life. Journal of Happiness Studies. 8. 15-49. 10.1007/s10902-006-9003-8.

Buker, H. (2011). Formation of self-control: Gottfredson and Hirschi's general theory of crime and beyond. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 16(3), 265- 276.

Catalina E. Kopetz, Carl W. Lejuez, Reinout W. Wiers, and Arie W. Kruglanski. (2013). Motivation and Self-Regulation in Addiction: A Call for Convergence. Perspect Psychol Sci, 8(1), 3–24. doi:10.1177/1745691612457575.

Diener, E. (2003). What is positive about positive psychology: The curmudgeon and Pollyanna. Psychological Inquiry, 14, 115–120.

Doran N, McChargue D, Cohen L. (2007). Impulsivity and the reinforcing value of cigarette smoking. Addict Behav, 32(1):90–8. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2006.03.023. - DOI – PubMed.

Ford, J. A., & Blumenstein, L. (2013). Self-control and substance use among college students. Journal of drug issues, 43(1), 56-68.

Foster, J. H., Powell, J. E., Marshall, E. J., & Peters, T. J. (1999). Quality of life in alcohol-dependent subjects–a review. Quality of life research, 8(3), 255-261.

Frisch, M. B. (2006). Use of the QOLI or Quality of Life Inventory in Quality of Life Therapy and assessment. In M. E. Maruish (Ed.), The use of psychological testing for treatment planning and outcomes assessment: Volume 3: Instruments for adults (3rd ed., pp. 749–797). Mahwah, NJ, US: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.

Glassman, Lisa & Weierich, Mariann & Hooley, Jill & Deliberto, Tara & Nock, Matthew. (2007). Child Maltreatment, Non-Suicidal Self-Injury, and the Mediating Role of Self-Criticism. Behaviour research and therapy. 45. 2483-90. 10.1016/j.brat.2007.04.002.

Gloria, H.Y.C., Wing. T. L., Cherry H. L.T and Gabriel K. W. L. (2019). Intrinsic Motivation and Psychological Connectedness to Drug Abuse and Rehabilitation: The Perspective of Self-Determination. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 16, 1934.

Gottfredson, Michael R. (2006). The empirical status of control theory in criminology. In Taking Stock: The Status of Criminological Theory, Advances in Criminological Theory, Vol. 15, ed. Francis T. Cullen, John Paul Wright, and Kristie R. Blevins. New Brunswick, NJ: Transactions.

Hirschi, T. (1969). Causes of delinquency. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Hoseinifar, J., Zirak, S. R., Shaker, A., Meamar, E., Moharami, H., & Siedkalan, M. M. (2011). Comparison of quality of life and mental health of addicts and non-addicts. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 30, 1930-1934.

Horvath et al., (2019). The social support approach to addictions recovery: Recovery support groups. Retrieved from https://www.gulfbend.org

Ibrahim, F., Samah, B. A., Talib, M. A., & Sabran, M. S. (2009). Faktor menyumbang kepada penagihan relaps dalam kalangan penagih dadah PUSPEN di Semenanjung Malaysia. Jurnal Agensi Antidadah Kebangsaan, 5(1), 1-17.

Ilias, K, & Nor, M. M. (2012). Relationship Between Quality of Life, Academic Behavior and Student Motivation in Teachers'training Institute, Malaysia. Academic Research International, 2(2), 421.

Khajedaluee, M., Assadi, R., & Moghadam, M. D. (2013). Health-related quality of life of young addict women in Mashhad, IR Iran. International journal of high risk behaviors & addiction, 2(2), 87.

Karow, A., Verthein, U., Krausz, M., & Schafer, I. (2008). Association of personality disorders, family conflicts and treatment with quality of life in opiate addiction. European Addiction Research, 14(1), 38-46.

Karren, K.J., Smith, N.L., Hafen, B.Q., & Jenkins, K.J. (2010). Social support, relationships,and health. In B. Cummings (Ed.), Mind body health: The effect of attitudes, emotions, and relationships, 4th ed. pg.225 – 258. Pearson Education, Inc

Kelly, S. M., O'Grady, K. E., Schwartz, R. P., Peterson, J. A., Wilson, M. E., & Brown, B. S. (2010). The relationship of social support to treatment entry and engagement: The community assessment inventory. Substance Abuse, 31(1), 43–52. doi:10.1080/08897070903442640

Laudet, A.B. (2007). What does recovery mean to you? Lessons from the recovery experience for research and practice. J. Subst Abuse Treat, 33, 243–256.

Lazarus, R. S. (1991). Emotion and adaptation. New York: Oxford University Press.

Mahmood Nazar, M. (2005). Depression among female drug users in Malaysia. (Kertas kerja tidak diterbitkan). Diambil dari http://repo.uum.edu.my/id/eprint/308

Marlatt, G.A. & Gordon, J.R., EDS. (1985). Relapse Prevention: Maintenance Strategies in the Treatment of Addictive Behaviors. New York: Guilford Press.

Marques, T. C. N., Sarracini, K. L. M., Cortellazzi, K. L., Mialhe, F. L., de Castro Meneghim,

M., Pereira, A. C., & Ambrosano, G. M. B. (2015). The impact of oral health conditions, socioeconomic status and use of specific substances on quality of life of addicted persons. BMC oral health, 15(1), 1-6.

Mat Hassan, Nurulhuda & Haneem, Najwa & Cm, Khairi & Aa, Aniza. (2018). Spiritual Influence Towards Relapse in Opioid Addicts in Therapy. International Medical Journal Malaysia. 17. 71-74. 10.31436/imjm.v17i1.1032.

Meseguer, J.G., Martinez, J.T. & Tormo J.M.C. (2020). The Benefits of Physical Exercise on Mental Disorders and Quality of Life in Substance Use Disorders Patients. Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3680; doi:10.3390/ijerph17103680

Michalos, A. C. (1991). Global report on student well-being: Vol. I. Life satisfaction and happiness. New York: Springer.

Miller, G. (2015). Learning the language of addiction counselling. 4th Edition. New Jersey: John Wiley & Son.

Mohamed M. N, Marican S. Spiritual-based relapse prevention program in community setting. MOJ Addict Med Ther. 2018;5(3):134‒135. DOI: 10.15406/mojamt.2018.05.00108

Mohamed, M. N., Che Din, S. & Ishak, I. (1998). Keberkesanan rawatan dan pemulihan penagihan dadah: Modaliti kerohanian dan tradisional di Malaysia. Sintok: Universiti Utara Malaysia.

Mohammad Rahim Kamaluddin, Nadiah Syariani MS, & Geshina Ayu. (2013). A unidimensional scale for self-control within Malaysian settings. Educ Med J, 5(4), e60-6.

Muhammed Z. & Abubakar I.R. (2019) Improving the Quality of Life of Urban Communities in Developing Countries. In: Leal Filho W., Azul A., Brandli L., Ozuyar P., Wall T. (eds) Responsible Consumption and Production. Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. Springer, Cham. doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-71062-4_25-1

Narvaez, J., Pechansky, F., Jansen, K., Pinheiro, R. T., Silva, R. A., Kapczinski, F., &

Magalhaes, P. V. (2015). Quality of life, social functioning, family structure, and treatment history associated with crack cocaine use in youth from the general population. Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry, 37, 211-218.

National Antidrug Agency (NADA). (2019). Information on drugs 2019. Ministry of Home Affairs.

Nazruel Ekram Abu Saare (2000). Penagihan Semula: Suatu Kajian ke Atas Faktor-Faktor Penyebab. Bangi: Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.

Packer, G., Best, D., Day, E., & Wood, K. (2009). Criminal thinking and self-control among drug users in court mandated treatment. Criminology & Criminal Justice, 9(1), 93-110.

Pasareanu, A. R., Opsal, A., Vederhus, J. K., Kristensen, O., & Clausen, T. (2015). Quality of life improved following in-patient substance use disorder treatment. Health and quality of life outcomes, 13(1), 1-8.

Patton, M. Q. (2002). Two Decades of Developments in Qualitative Inquiry: A Personal, Experiential Perspective. Qualitative Social Work, 1(3), 261–283. https://doi.org/10.1177/1473325002001003636

Pokhrel, P., Sussman, S., Rohrbach, L. A., & Sun, P. (2007). Prospective associations of social self-control with drug use among youth from regular and alternative high schools. Substance abuse treatment, prevention, and policy, 2(1), 1-8.

Pung, P. W., Yaacob, S. N., Baharudin, R., & Osman, S. (2015). Low self-control, peer delinquency and aggression among adolescents in Malaysia. Asian Social Science, 11(21), 193.

Rahimi, M. K. A., Ghani, M. S. A., Abdullah, H. S. L., Amat, M. I., & Zaki, N. M. M. (2018). Experiences of Meth-Dependent Patients Undergoing Contingency Management (Cm) Therapy. In Proceeding: 2nd International Conference On Social Sciences, Humanities and Technology (ICSHT 2018) pg.155.

Rohany Nasir & Fatimah Omar (2006). Kesejahteraan Manusia: Perspektif Psikologi. Kajian Tekanan Kerja dan Kesihatan Pekerja. Selangor: Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.

Ross, C. E., & Wu, C. L. (1996). Education, age, and the cumulative advantage in health. Journal of health and social behavior, 104-120.

Ross, C. E., & Van Willigen, M. (1997). Education and the subjective quality of life. Journal of health and social behavior, 275-297.

Schimmack, U., Diener, E., & Oishi, S. (2002). Life-satisfaction is a momentary judgment and a stable personality characteristic: The use of chronically accessible and stable sources. Journal of Personality, 70, 345–385.

Sulaiman, W. M. S. W., Ismail, Z., Sulaiman, W. S. W., & Muhamat@Kawangit, R. (2021).Self-Control as Predictor of Hope among Drug Addicts in Malaysian Rehabilitation Centers. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 11(3), 688-699.

Ugochukwu, C., Bagot, K. S., Delaloye, S., Pi, S., Vien, L., Garvey, T. & IsHak, W. W. (2013). The importance of quality of life in patients with alcohol abuse and dependence. Harvard review of psychiatry, 21(1), 1-17.

Veenhoven, Ruut. (2004). Subjective Measures of Well-being. Human Well-Being: Concept and Measurement. Discussion Paper No. 2004/07.

Vijayakone, B., & Abdullah, H. S. L. (2019). Self-Compassion and Self-Control Amongst Recovering Addicts. ‘Abqari Journal, 21(1), 69-79.

Walker, W. (2005). The strengths and weaknesses of research designs involving quantitative measures. Journal of research in nursing, 10(5), 571-582.

Wan Mohammed Sallam Wan Sulaiman, Zainab Ismail, Wan Shahrazad Wan Sulaiman, Razaleigh Muhamat@Kawangit. (2021). Self-Control As Predictor of Hope Among Drug Addicts In Malaysian Rehabilitation Centers. International Journal of Academic Research In Business And Social Sciences. 688-699.

Wan Mohd Nasir, W. A. (2011). Maqasid Syariah: Cabaran dan Penyelesian dalamMerealisasikannya. Kuala Lumpur: Telaga Biru Sdn. Bhd.

WHO. (15 Mac 2017). Good Policy and Practice in Health Education: Education sector responses to the use of alcohol, tobacco and drugs. Alcohol, Drugs and Addictive Behaviors. https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/9789231002113

World Drug Report 2019, United Nations Publication.

World Health Organization, WHO. (1997). Measuring Quality of Life. Dicapai pada 1 Julai 2021 daripada https://www.who.int/mental_health/media/68.pdf

Yang, C., Zhou, Y., Cao, Q., Xia, M., & An, J. (2019). The relationship between self-control and self-efficacy among patients with substance use disorders: resilience and self-esteem as mediators. Frontiers in psychiatry, 10, 388.

Zaidi, Uzma. (2020). Role of Social Support in Relapse Prevention for Drug Addicts. International Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change, 13(1), www.ijicc.net
Published
2021-07-10
How to Cite
Abdul Aziz, A. R., Mohd Yusof, M. Y., Amat, M. I. and Abdul Wahab, M. N. (2021) “Konsep Kawalan Kendiri dan Kualiti Kehidupan bagi Mencegah Relaps Ketagihan Dadah dalam kalangan Tahanan”, Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), 6(7), pp. 83 - 97. doi: https://doi.org/10.47405/mjssh.v6i7.910.
Section
Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)